Active control approach for reducing floor vibrations

Linda Morley Hanagan, Thomas M. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large floor vibration amplitudes can produce disruption and reduced efficiency in employees, and in more extreme cases can result in complete abandonment of a structure for its intended use. The implementation of active control to reduce vibration levels in lightweight floor systems is explored in this paper. A velocity feedback scheme has been developed in which an electromagnetic proof-mass actuator is used to impart control forces on a floor system, thus, reducing the amplitudes of the floor motion. The development, analysis, and experimental verification are discussed for the successful implementation of this control application. A full-scale experimental test floor was designed, constructed, and modeled analytically for this study. Both analytical and experimental results for the floor response to transient excitation show an increase in damping from approximately 2.5% to 40%. Experimental results for walking excitation show a reduction of peak velocity amplitudes to 12% of amplitudes recorded for the uncontrolled system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1505
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Volume123
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

Force control
Actuators
Damping
Personnel
Feedback

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{637bd071a1bd48fdb05013e2db3f6640,
title = "Active control approach for reducing floor vibrations",
abstract = "Large floor vibration amplitudes can produce disruption and reduced efficiency in employees, and in more extreme cases can result in complete abandonment of a structure for its intended use. The implementation of active control to reduce vibration levels in lightweight floor systems is explored in this paper. A velocity feedback scheme has been developed in which an electromagnetic proof-mass actuator is used to impart control forces on a floor system, thus, reducing the amplitudes of the floor motion. The development, analysis, and experimental verification are discussed for the successful implementation of this control application. A full-scale experimental test floor was designed, constructed, and modeled analytically for this study. Both analytical and experimental results for the floor response to transient excitation show an increase in damping from approximately 2.5{\%} to 40{\%}. Experimental results for walking excitation show a reduction of peak velocity amplitudes to 12{\%} of amplitudes recorded for the uncontrolled system.",
author = "Hanagan, {Linda Morley} and Murray, {Thomas M.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1997)123:11(1497)",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "123",
pages = "1497--1505",
journal = "Journal of Structural Engineering",
issn = "0733-9445",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "11",

}

Active control approach for reducing floor vibrations. / Hanagan, Linda Morley; Murray, Thomas M.

In: Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 123, No. 11, 01.01.1997, p. 1497-1505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active control approach for reducing floor vibrations

AU - Hanagan, Linda Morley

AU - Murray, Thomas M.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Large floor vibration amplitudes can produce disruption and reduced efficiency in employees, and in more extreme cases can result in complete abandonment of a structure for its intended use. The implementation of active control to reduce vibration levels in lightweight floor systems is explored in this paper. A velocity feedback scheme has been developed in which an electromagnetic proof-mass actuator is used to impart control forces on a floor system, thus, reducing the amplitudes of the floor motion. The development, analysis, and experimental verification are discussed for the successful implementation of this control application. A full-scale experimental test floor was designed, constructed, and modeled analytically for this study. Both analytical and experimental results for the floor response to transient excitation show an increase in damping from approximately 2.5% to 40%. Experimental results for walking excitation show a reduction of peak velocity amplitudes to 12% of amplitudes recorded for the uncontrolled system.

AB - Large floor vibration amplitudes can produce disruption and reduced efficiency in employees, and in more extreme cases can result in complete abandonment of a structure for its intended use. The implementation of active control to reduce vibration levels in lightweight floor systems is explored in this paper. A velocity feedback scheme has been developed in which an electromagnetic proof-mass actuator is used to impart control forces on a floor system, thus, reducing the amplitudes of the floor motion. The development, analysis, and experimental verification are discussed for the successful implementation of this control application. A full-scale experimental test floor was designed, constructed, and modeled analytically for this study. Both analytical and experimental results for the floor response to transient excitation show an increase in damping from approximately 2.5% to 40%. Experimental results for walking excitation show a reduction of peak velocity amplitudes to 12% of amplitudes recorded for the uncontrolled system.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031276621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031276621&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1997)123:11(1497)

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1997)123:11(1497)

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031276621

VL - 123

SP - 1497

EP - 1505

JO - Journal of Structural Engineering

JF - Journal of Structural Engineering

SN - 0733-9445

IS - 11

ER -