Active interrogation of helicopter rotor faults using trailing-edge flaps

P. W. Stevens, Edward Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This paper describes a unique approach for detecting helicopter rotor faults in which active trailing edge flaps are used to interrogate the system. The objective of the research are to determine if active interrogation of helicopter rotor systems using trailing-edge flap actuators is a viable concept and to develop damage identification algorithms that are appropriate for active interrogation. Using this concept, the blade is excited by a low amplitude trailing edge flap deflection at a few discrete frequencies. The blade response is measured using embedded strain sensors and the health of the system is determined using a frequency response function based damage identification algorithm. Evaluation of the design is performed using a numerical simulation of a rotor system, which includes centrifugal forces, aerodynamic forces, and high aerodynamic damping. Good results are shown for detection and extent quantification of both stiffness and inertial faults. Ongoing work includes a strain-based implementation, investigation of additional faults, effects of noise and error, and analysis of the minimum size of detectable faults. Benefits of this work include both improved health monitoring for rotorcraft as well as insights into the application of structural damage detection algorithms to a complex system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-220
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference - IMAC
Volume1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
EventProceedings of IMAC-XIX: A Conference on Structural Dynamics - Kissimmee, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 5 2001Feb 8 2001

Fingerprint

Helicopter rotors
Aerodynamics
Health
Flaps
Damage detection
Frequency response
Large scale systems
Actuators
Rotors
Damping
Stiffness
Monitoring
Sensors
Computer simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper describes a unique approach for detecting helicopter rotor faults in which active trailing edge flaps are used to interrogate the system. The objective of the research are to determine if active interrogation of helicopter rotor systems using trailing-edge flap actuators is a viable concept and to develop damage identification algorithms that are appropriate for active interrogation. Using this concept, the blade is excited by a low amplitude trailing edge flap deflection at a few discrete frequencies. The blade response is measured using embedded strain sensors and the health of the system is determined using a frequency response function based damage identification algorithm. Evaluation of the design is performed using a numerical simulation of a rotor system, which includes centrifugal forces, aerodynamic forces, and high aerodynamic damping. Good results are shown for detection and extent quantification of both stiffness and inertial faults. Ongoing work includes a strain-based implementation, investigation of additional faults, effects of noise and error, and analysis of the minimum size of detectable faults. Benefits of this work include both improved health monitoring for rotorcraft as well as insights into the application of structural damage detection algorithms to a complex system.",
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Active interrogation of helicopter rotor faults using trailing-edge flaps. / Stevens, P. W.; Smith, Edward.

In: Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference - IMAC, Vol. 1, 01.01.2001, p. 214-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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