Active transportation to and on campus is associated with objectively measured fitness outcomes among college students

Melissa Jean Bopp, Christopher Bopp, Megan Schuchert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Active transportation (AT) has been associated with positive health outcomes, yet limited research has addressed this with college students, a population at-risk for inactivity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between AT behavior and objectively measured fitness outcomes. Methods: A volunteer, convenience sample (n = 299) of college students from a large northeastern university completed a survey about their AT habits to and on campus and psychosocial constructs related to AT and participated in a laboratory-based fitness assessment (cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, body composition).Off-campus students were dichotomized as nonactive (0-1 AT trips/day) or active travelers (> 1 AT trips/day) to campus; t-tests compared nonactive and active travelers for psychosocial and fitness variables. Results: Students were 56.3% male, 79.2% non-Hispanic White, and primarily living off-campus (87%). Most students (n = 177, 59.2%) reported active travel between classes. Off-campus students were primarily active travelers (76.1%). Active travelers to campus had greater cardiovascular fitness (P = .005), were more flexible (P = .006) and had lower systolic blood pressure (P = .05) compared with nonactive travelers. Conclusion: This study documents a relationship between AT behavior and objectively measured fitness among college students and provides a rationale for targeting this behavior as a method for improving health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-423
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Students
Blood Pressure
Health
Body Composition
Habits
Volunteers
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Active transportation (AT) has been associated with positive health outcomes, yet limited research has addressed this with college students, a population at-risk for inactivity. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between AT behavior and objectively measured fitness outcomes. Methods: A volunteer, convenience sample (n = 299) of college students from a large northeastern university completed a survey about their AT habits to and on campus and psychosocial constructs related to AT and participated in a laboratory-based fitness assessment (cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, body composition).Off-campus students were dichotomized as nonactive (0-1 AT trips/day) or active travelers (> 1 AT trips/day) to campus; t-tests compared nonactive and active travelers for psychosocial and fitness variables. Results: Students were 56.3{\%} male, 79.2{\%} non-Hispanic White, and primarily living off-campus (87{\%}). Most students (n = 177, 59.2{\%}) reported active travel between classes. Off-campus students were primarily active travelers (76.1{\%}). Active travelers to campus had greater cardiovascular fitness (P = .005), were more flexible (P = .006) and had lower systolic blood pressure (P = .05) compared with nonactive travelers. Conclusion: This study documents a relationship between AT behavior and objectively measured fitness among college students and provides a rationale for targeting this behavior as a method for improving health outcomes.",
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Active transportation to and on campus is associated with objectively measured fitness outcomes among college students. / Bopp, Melissa Jean; Bopp, Christopher; Schuchert, Megan.

In: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.01.2015, p. 418-423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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