Activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical regions during haptic shape perception

Scott Peltier, Randall Stilla, Erica Mariola, Stephen LaConte, Xiaoping Hu, Krishnankutty Sathian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is now widely accepted that visual cortical areas are active during normal tactile perception, but the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The goal of the present study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical areas during haptic shape perception, with a view to potentially clarifying the role of top-down and bottom-up inputs into visual areas. Subjects underwent fMRI scanning while engaging in discrimination of haptic shape or texture, and in separate runs, visual shape or texture. Accuracy did not differ significantly between tasks. Haptic shape-selective regions, identified on a contrast between the haptic shape and texture conditions in individual subjects, were found bilaterally in the postcentral sulcus (PCS), multiple parts of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the lateral occipital complex (LOC). The IPS and LOC foci tended to be shape-selective in the visual modality as well. Structural equation modelling was used to study the effective connectivity among the haptic shape-selective regions in the left hemisphere, contralateral to the stimulated hand. All possible models were tested for their fit to the correlations among the observed time-courses of activity. Two equivalent models emerged as the winners. These models, which were quite similar, were characterized by both bottom-up paths from the PCS to parts of the IPS, and top-down paths from the LOC and parts of the IPS to the PCS. We conclude that interactions between unisensory and multisensory cortical areas involve bidirectional information flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-483
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Fingerprint

Occipital Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Touch Perception
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Peltier, Scott ; Stilla, Randall ; Mariola, Erica ; LaConte, Stephen ; Hu, Xiaoping ; Sathian, Krishnankutty. / Activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical regions during haptic shape perception. In: Neuropsychologia. 2007 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 476-483.
@article{51f0ae2ef2054f919d276e2ad1c72ce9,
title = "Activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical regions during haptic shape perception",
abstract = "It is now widely accepted that visual cortical areas are active during normal tactile perception, but the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The goal of the present study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical areas during haptic shape perception, with a view to potentially clarifying the role of top-down and bottom-up inputs into visual areas. Subjects underwent fMRI scanning while engaging in discrimination of haptic shape or texture, and in separate runs, visual shape or texture. Accuracy did not differ significantly between tasks. Haptic shape-selective regions, identified on a contrast between the haptic shape and texture conditions in individual subjects, were found bilaterally in the postcentral sulcus (PCS), multiple parts of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the lateral occipital complex (LOC). The IPS and LOC foci tended to be shape-selective in the visual modality as well. Structural equation modelling was used to study the effective connectivity among the haptic shape-selective regions in the left hemisphere, contralateral to the stimulated hand. All possible models were tested for their fit to the correlations among the observed time-courses of activity. Two equivalent models emerged as the winners. These models, which were quite similar, were characterized by both bottom-up paths from the PCS to parts of the IPS, and top-down paths from the LOC and parts of the IPS to the PCS. We conclude that interactions between unisensory and multisensory cortical areas involve bidirectional information flow.",
author = "Scott Peltier and Randall Stilla and Erica Mariola and Stephen LaConte and Xiaoping Hu and Krishnankutty Sathian",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.03.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "476--483",
journal = "Neuropsychologia",
issn = "0028-3932",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

Activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical regions during haptic shape perception. / Peltier, Scott; Stilla, Randall; Mariola, Erica; LaConte, Stephen; Hu, Xiaoping; Sathian, Krishnankutty.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 45, No. 3, 01.01.2007, p. 476-483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical regions during haptic shape perception

AU - Peltier, Scott

AU - Stilla, Randall

AU - Mariola, Erica

AU - LaConte, Stephen

AU - Hu, Xiaoping

AU - Sathian, Krishnankutty

PY - 2007/1/1

Y1 - 2007/1/1

N2 - It is now widely accepted that visual cortical areas are active during normal tactile perception, but the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The goal of the present study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical areas during haptic shape perception, with a view to potentially clarifying the role of top-down and bottom-up inputs into visual areas. Subjects underwent fMRI scanning while engaging in discrimination of haptic shape or texture, and in separate runs, visual shape or texture. Accuracy did not differ significantly between tasks. Haptic shape-selective regions, identified on a contrast between the haptic shape and texture conditions in individual subjects, were found bilaterally in the postcentral sulcus (PCS), multiple parts of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the lateral occipital complex (LOC). The IPS and LOC foci tended to be shape-selective in the visual modality as well. Structural equation modelling was used to study the effective connectivity among the haptic shape-selective regions in the left hemisphere, contralateral to the stimulated hand. All possible models were tested for their fit to the correlations among the observed time-courses of activity. Two equivalent models emerged as the winners. These models, which were quite similar, were characterized by both bottom-up paths from the PCS to parts of the IPS, and top-down paths from the LOC and parts of the IPS to the PCS. We conclude that interactions between unisensory and multisensory cortical areas involve bidirectional information flow.

AB - It is now widely accepted that visual cortical areas are active during normal tactile perception, but the underlying mechanisms are still not clear. The goal of the present study was to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the activity and effective connectivity of parietal and occipital cortical areas during haptic shape perception, with a view to potentially clarifying the role of top-down and bottom-up inputs into visual areas. Subjects underwent fMRI scanning while engaging in discrimination of haptic shape or texture, and in separate runs, visual shape or texture. Accuracy did not differ significantly between tasks. Haptic shape-selective regions, identified on a contrast between the haptic shape and texture conditions in individual subjects, were found bilaterally in the postcentral sulcus (PCS), multiple parts of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the lateral occipital complex (LOC). The IPS and LOC foci tended to be shape-selective in the visual modality as well. Structural equation modelling was used to study the effective connectivity among the haptic shape-selective regions in the left hemisphere, contralateral to the stimulated hand. All possible models were tested for their fit to the correlations among the observed time-courses of activity. Two equivalent models emerged as the winners. These models, which were quite similar, were characterized by both bottom-up paths from the PCS to parts of the IPS, and top-down paths from the LOC and parts of the IPS to the PCS. We conclude that interactions between unisensory and multisensory cortical areas involve bidirectional information flow.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33845426223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33845426223&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.03.003

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.03.003

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 476

EP - 483

JO - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

IS - 3

ER -