Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization

Benjamin M. Wimmer, Bin Zhu, Charles E. Bakis, Christopher D. Rahn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flexible composite materials with actuation capabilities are of high interest for use in shapechanging, or morphing, structures. Generally speaking, morphing can be accomplished using a distributed network of actuators designed to deform the host structure. In the current investigation, the use of fluid pressure to actuate multi-layered composite tubes is explored. The tubes were manufactured with filament wound carbon fibers for strength and low modulus polyurethane matrix materials for high anisotropy and deformability. The tubes were made with either one layer for setting a baseline or two layers of differing stiffness for characterizing the actuation capability of the inner tubes embedded inside a relatively stiff structural medium. Both extender and contractor actuators are evaluated. Experiments are devised to characterize the free strain and blocked force capability of the various single and bi-layer specimens. The results demonstrate the ability of the tubes to actuate a surrounding composite material. Blocked force performance was substantially sub-par, potentially due to large end effects in the specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition
StatePublished - Jul 23 2012
Event2012 SAMPE International Symposium and Exhibition - Emerging Opportunities: Materials and Process Solutions - Baltimore, MD, United States
Duration: May 21 2012May 24 2012

Publication series

NameInternational SAMPE Technical Conference

Other

Other2012 SAMPE International Symposium and Exhibition - Emerging Opportunities: Materials and Process Solutions
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore, MD
Period5/21/125/24/12

Fingerprint

Pressurization
Composite materials
Actuators
Polyurethanes
Formability
Contractors
Carbon fibers
Anisotropy
Stiffness
Fluids
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Wimmer, B. M., Zhu, B., Bakis, C. E., & Rahn, C. D. (2012). Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization. In SAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
Wimmer, Benjamin M. ; Zhu, Bin ; Bakis, Charles E. ; Rahn, Christopher D. / Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization. SAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition. 2012. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).
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Wimmer, BM, Zhu, B, Bakis, CE & Rahn, CD 2012, Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization. in SAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition. International SAMPE Technical Conference, 2012 SAMPE International Symposium and Exhibition - Emerging Opportunities: Materials and Process Solutions, Baltimore, MD, United States, 5/21/12.

Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization. / Wimmer, Benjamin M.; Zhu, Bin; Bakis, Charles E.; Rahn, Christopher D.

SAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition. 2012. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Wimmer BM, Zhu B, Bakis CE, Rahn CD. Actuation behavior of multi-layer flexible matrix composite tubes with internal pressurization. In SAMPE 2012 Conference and Exhibition. 2012. (International SAMPE Technical Conference).