Acute aerobic exercise reduces ambulatory blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men and women

Kimberly A. Brownley, Sheila Grace West, Alan L. Hinderliter, Kathleen C. Light

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was undertaken on two days in 31 men and women (11 with elevated resting and ambulatory BP and 20 who were normotensive), once following each of these treatment conditions: 20 min of moderate aerobic bicycle ergometry, and an equivalent control rest period. The two monitoring days were conducted within a 72 h period with the order of treatments counterbalanced across subjects. Mean BP and heart rate (HR) levels were calculated for each individual on an hourly basis and for work, home, and sleep periods. In the elevated BP group, the exercise day compared to the control day was associated with lower BP at work. Hour-by-hour analyses confirmed that the BP-lowering effect of exercise was significant for 5 h and diminished in magnitude between hours 6 and 9. These effects were not attributable to any marked differences in mood, total daily stress, posture, or activities between test days. Exercise was not associated with any appreciable differences in sleep BP or in the 24-h HR profile. No differences in BP or HR as a function of exercise were seen in the normotensive group; however, the exercise-induced reduction in mean arterial BP (MAP) for hours 2 through 5 was significantly positively correlated with control day MAP levels at work in the total sample. Thus, moderate aerobic exercise, when engaged in prior to the stresses of daily living, seems to confer a protective reduction in ambulatory BP, particularly in individuals with elevated BP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-206
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Exercise
Blood Pressure
Heart Rate
Arterial Pressure
Sleep
Ergometry
Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Blood Group Antigens
Posture
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Brownley, Kimberly A. ; West, Sheila Grace ; Hinderliter, Alan L. ; Light, Kathleen C. / Acute aerobic exercise reduces ambulatory blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men and women. In: American journal of hypertension. 1996 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 200-206.
@article{27bc955c3bbd49779ba9dc51372303b0,
title = "Acute aerobic exercise reduces ambulatory blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men and women",
abstract = "Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was undertaken on two days in 31 men and women (11 with elevated resting and ambulatory BP and 20 who were normotensive), once following each of these treatment conditions: 20 min of moderate aerobic bicycle ergometry, and an equivalent control rest period. The two monitoring days were conducted within a 72 h period with the order of treatments counterbalanced across subjects. Mean BP and heart rate (HR) levels were calculated for each individual on an hourly basis and for work, home, and sleep periods. In the elevated BP group, the exercise day compared to the control day was associated with lower BP at work. Hour-by-hour analyses confirmed that the BP-lowering effect of exercise was significant for 5 h and diminished in magnitude between hours 6 and 9. These effects were not attributable to any marked differences in mood, total daily stress, posture, or activities between test days. Exercise was not associated with any appreciable differences in sleep BP or in the 24-h HR profile. No differences in BP or HR as a function of exercise were seen in the normotensive group; however, the exercise-induced reduction in mean arterial BP (MAP) for hours 2 through 5 was significantly positively correlated with control day MAP levels at work in the total sample. Thus, moderate aerobic exercise, when engaged in prior to the stresses of daily living, seems to confer a protective reduction in ambulatory BP, particularly in individuals with elevated BP.",
author = "Brownley, {Kimberly A.} and West, {Sheila Grace} and Hinderliter, {Alan L.} and Light, {Kathleen C.}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0895-7061(95)00335-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "200--206",
journal = "American Journal of Hypertension",
issn = "0895-7061",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

Acute aerobic exercise reduces ambulatory blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men and women. / Brownley, Kimberly A.; West, Sheila Grace; Hinderliter, Alan L.; Light, Kathleen C.

In: American journal of hypertension, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.01.1996, p. 200-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute aerobic exercise reduces ambulatory blood pressure in borderline hypertensive men and women

AU - Brownley, Kimberly A.

AU - West, Sheila Grace

AU - Hinderliter, Alan L.

AU - Light, Kathleen C.

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was undertaken on two days in 31 men and women (11 with elevated resting and ambulatory BP and 20 who were normotensive), once following each of these treatment conditions: 20 min of moderate aerobic bicycle ergometry, and an equivalent control rest period. The two monitoring days were conducted within a 72 h period with the order of treatments counterbalanced across subjects. Mean BP and heart rate (HR) levels were calculated for each individual on an hourly basis and for work, home, and sleep periods. In the elevated BP group, the exercise day compared to the control day was associated with lower BP at work. Hour-by-hour analyses confirmed that the BP-lowering effect of exercise was significant for 5 h and diminished in magnitude between hours 6 and 9. These effects were not attributable to any marked differences in mood, total daily stress, posture, or activities between test days. Exercise was not associated with any appreciable differences in sleep BP or in the 24-h HR profile. No differences in BP or HR as a function of exercise were seen in the normotensive group; however, the exercise-induced reduction in mean arterial BP (MAP) for hours 2 through 5 was significantly positively correlated with control day MAP levels at work in the total sample. Thus, moderate aerobic exercise, when engaged in prior to the stresses of daily living, seems to confer a protective reduction in ambulatory BP, particularly in individuals with elevated BP.

AB - Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was undertaken on two days in 31 men and women (11 with elevated resting and ambulatory BP and 20 who were normotensive), once following each of these treatment conditions: 20 min of moderate aerobic bicycle ergometry, and an equivalent control rest period. The two monitoring days were conducted within a 72 h period with the order of treatments counterbalanced across subjects. Mean BP and heart rate (HR) levels were calculated for each individual on an hourly basis and for work, home, and sleep periods. In the elevated BP group, the exercise day compared to the control day was associated with lower BP at work. Hour-by-hour analyses confirmed that the BP-lowering effect of exercise was significant for 5 h and diminished in magnitude between hours 6 and 9. These effects were not attributable to any marked differences in mood, total daily stress, posture, or activities between test days. Exercise was not associated with any appreciable differences in sleep BP or in the 24-h HR profile. No differences in BP or HR as a function of exercise were seen in the normotensive group; however, the exercise-induced reduction in mean arterial BP (MAP) for hours 2 through 5 was significantly positively correlated with control day MAP levels at work in the total sample. Thus, moderate aerobic exercise, when engaged in prior to the stresses of daily living, seems to confer a protective reduction in ambulatory BP, particularly in individuals with elevated BP.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029927473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029927473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0895-7061(95)00335-5

DO - 10.1016/0895-7061(95)00335-5

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 200

EP - 206

JO - American Journal of Hypertension

JF - American Journal of Hypertension

SN - 0895-7061

IS - 3

ER -