Acute hypertension inhibits thirst stimulated by ANG II, hyperosmolality, or hypovolemia in rats

Sean D. Stocker, Edward M. Stricker, Alan F. Sved

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study sought to determine whether increases in arterial blood pressure inhibited drinking behavior evoked by ANG II, hyperosmolality, or hypovolemia in rats. Cumulative water intakes in 60- or 90-min tests and latency to the first lick were recorded as indexes of thirst. During intravenous infusions of 100 ng·kg-1·min-1 ANG II, attenuation of the induced increases in arterial pressure with the arteriolar vasodilator diazoxide resulted in greater water intakes and shorter latencies to drink. Drinking behavior stimulated by intravenous infusion of hypertonic saline was significantly inhibited by increases in arterial pressure caused by intravenous infusion of phenylephrine or endothelin-1, and this inhibition of drinking was proportional to the induced increase in pressure. Upon termination of the phenylephrine infusion, mean arterial pressure returned to basal values, and drinking was restored. Phenylephrine-induced increases in arterial pressure also inhibited drinking behavior in response to hypovolemia that could not be explained by differences in plasma renin activity, plasma protein concentration, or plasma osmolality. Thus increases in arterial pressure inhibit water drinking behavior in response to each of these three thirst stimuli in rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R214-R224
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume280
Issue number1 49-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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