Acute increases in arterial blood pressure do not reduce plasma vasopressin levels stimulated by angiotensin II or hyperosmolality in rats

Sean Stocker, Jennifer C. Schiltz, Alan F. Sved

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study sought to determine whether an acute increase in arterial blood pressure (ABP) reduces plasma vasopressin (VP) levels stimulated by ANG II or hyperosmolality. During an intravenous infusion of ANG II (100 ng·kg-1·min-1), attenuation of the ANG II-evoked increase in ABP with diazoxide or minoxidil did not further enhance plasma VP levels in rats. When VP secretion was stimulated by an infusion of hypertonic saline, coinfusion of the α-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine (PE) significantly increased ABP but did not reduce plasma VP levels. In fact, plasma VP levels were enhanced. The enhancement of plasma VP levels cannot be explained by a direct stimulatory action of PE, as plasma VP levels of isosmotic rats did not change during a similar infusion of PE. An infusion of endothelin-1 in hyperosmotic rats significantly raised ABP but did not reduce plasma VP levels; rather, VP levels increased as observed with PE. In α-chloralose-anesthetized rats infused with hypertonic saline, inflation of an aortic cuff to increase ABP and stimulate arterial baroreceptors did not reduce plasma VP levels. In each experiment, plasma oxytocin levels paralleled plasma VP levels. Collectively, the present findings suggest that an acute increase in ABP does not inhibit VP secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume287
Issue number1 56-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

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Vasopressins
Angiotensin II
Arterial Pressure
Phenylephrine
Minoxidil
Diazoxide
Adrenergic Agonists
Chloralose
Pressoreceptors
Economic Inflation
Endothelin-1
Oxytocin
Intravenous Infusions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "The present study sought to determine whether an acute increase in arterial blood pressure (ABP) reduces plasma vasopressin (VP) levels stimulated by ANG II or hyperosmolality. During an intravenous infusion of ANG II (100 ng·kg-1·min-1), attenuation of the ANG II-evoked increase in ABP with diazoxide or minoxidil did not further enhance plasma VP levels in rats. When VP secretion was stimulated by an infusion of hypertonic saline, coinfusion of the α-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine (PE) significantly increased ABP but did not reduce plasma VP levels. In fact, plasma VP levels were enhanced. The enhancement of plasma VP levels cannot be explained by a direct stimulatory action of PE, as plasma VP levels of isosmotic rats did not change during a similar infusion of PE. An infusion of endothelin-1 in hyperosmotic rats significantly raised ABP but did not reduce plasma VP levels; rather, VP levels increased as observed with PE. In α-chloralose-anesthetized rats infused with hypertonic saline, inflation of an aortic cuff to increase ABP and stimulate arterial baroreceptors did not reduce plasma VP levels. In each experiment, plasma oxytocin levels paralleled plasma VP levels. Collectively, the present findings suggest that an acute increase in ABP does not inhibit VP secretion.",
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