Acute inhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats

Sean Stocker, Kimberly J. Keith, Glenn M. Toney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was performed to determine whether sympathetic outflow and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats are dependent on the ongoing neuronal activity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate were recorded in urethane-α-chloralose-anesthetized rats that were deprived of water but not food for 48 h before experiments. Acute inhibition of the PVN by bilateral microinjection of the GABAA agonist muscimol (100 pmol/side) significantly decreased RSNA in water-deprived rats (-26.7 ± 4.7%, n = 7) but was without effect in control rats (1.3 ± 6.3%, n = 7). Similarly, injection of muscimol produced a greater decrease in MAP in water-deprived rats than in control rats (-46 ± 3 vs. -16 ± 3 mmHg, respectively), although baseline MAP was not different between groups (105 ± 4 vs. 107 ± 4 mmHg, respectively). Neither bilateral microinjection of isotonic saline vehicle (100 nl/side) into the PVN nor muscimol (100 pmol/side) outside the PVN altered RSNA or MAP in either group. In addition, ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (30 mg/kg iv) significantly decreased MAP in both groups; however, the decrease in MAP was significantly greater in water-deprived rats than in control rats (62 ± 2 vs. 48 ± 2 mmHg, respectively). Collectively, these findings suggest that sympathetic outflow contributes more to the maintenance of blood pressure in the water-deprived rat, and this depends, at least partly, on the ongoing activity of PVN neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume286
Issue number4 55-4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

Fingerprint

Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Arterial Pressure
Kidney
Water
Muscimol
Microinjections
GABA-A Receptor Agonists
Hexamethonium
Chloralose
Urethane
Heart Rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

@article{638cbcf899ab4e3691a49fd4a1b156a5,
title = "Acute inhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats",
abstract = "The present study was performed to determine whether sympathetic outflow and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats are dependent on the ongoing neuronal activity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate were recorded in urethane-α-chloralose-anesthetized rats that were deprived of water but not food for 48 h before experiments. Acute inhibition of the PVN by bilateral microinjection of the GABAA agonist muscimol (100 pmol/side) significantly decreased RSNA in water-deprived rats (-26.7 ± 4.7{\%}, n = 7) but was without effect in control rats (1.3 ± 6.3{\%}, n = 7). Similarly, injection of muscimol produced a greater decrease in MAP in water-deprived rats than in control rats (-46 ± 3 vs. -16 ± 3 mmHg, respectively), although baseline MAP was not different between groups (105 ± 4 vs. 107 ± 4 mmHg, respectively). Neither bilateral microinjection of isotonic saline vehicle (100 nl/side) into the PVN nor muscimol (100 pmol/side) outside the PVN altered RSNA or MAP in either group. In addition, ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (30 mg/kg iv) significantly decreased MAP in both groups; however, the decrease in MAP was significantly greater in water-deprived rats than in control rats (62 ± 2 vs. 48 ± 2 mmHg, respectively). Collectively, these findings suggest that sympathetic outflow contributes more to the maintenance of blood pressure in the water-deprived rat, and this depends, at least partly, on the ongoing activity of PVN neurons.",
author = "Sean Stocker and Keith, {Kimberly J.} and Toney, {Glenn M.}",
year = "2004",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "286",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0363-6119",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "4 55-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute inhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats

AU - Stocker, Sean

AU - Keith, Kimberly J.

AU - Toney, Glenn M.

PY - 2004/4/1

Y1 - 2004/4/1

N2 - The present study was performed to determine whether sympathetic outflow and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats are dependent on the ongoing neuronal activity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate were recorded in urethane-α-chloralose-anesthetized rats that were deprived of water but not food for 48 h before experiments. Acute inhibition of the PVN by bilateral microinjection of the GABAA agonist muscimol (100 pmol/side) significantly decreased RSNA in water-deprived rats (-26.7 ± 4.7%, n = 7) but was without effect in control rats (1.3 ± 6.3%, n = 7). Similarly, injection of muscimol produced a greater decrease in MAP in water-deprived rats than in control rats (-46 ± 3 vs. -16 ± 3 mmHg, respectively), although baseline MAP was not different between groups (105 ± 4 vs. 107 ± 4 mmHg, respectively). Neither bilateral microinjection of isotonic saline vehicle (100 nl/side) into the PVN nor muscimol (100 pmol/side) outside the PVN altered RSNA or MAP in either group. In addition, ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (30 mg/kg iv) significantly decreased MAP in both groups; however, the decrease in MAP was significantly greater in water-deprived rats than in control rats (62 ± 2 vs. 48 ± 2 mmHg, respectively). Collectively, these findings suggest that sympathetic outflow contributes more to the maintenance of blood pressure in the water-deprived rat, and this depends, at least partly, on the ongoing activity of PVN neurons.

AB - The present study was performed to determine whether sympathetic outflow and arterial blood pressure in water-deprived rats are dependent on the ongoing neuronal activity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and heart rate were recorded in urethane-α-chloralose-anesthetized rats that were deprived of water but not food for 48 h before experiments. Acute inhibition of the PVN by bilateral microinjection of the GABAA agonist muscimol (100 pmol/side) significantly decreased RSNA in water-deprived rats (-26.7 ± 4.7%, n = 7) but was without effect in control rats (1.3 ± 6.3%, n = 7). Similarly, injection of muscimol produced a greater decrease in MAP in water-deprived rats than in control rats (-46 ± 3 vs. -16 ± 3 mmHg, respectively), although baseline MAP was not different between groups (105 ± 4 vs. 107 ± 4 mmHg, respectively). Neither bilateral microinjection of isotonic saline vehicle (100 nl/side) into the PVN nor muscimol (100 pmol/side) outside the PVN altered RSNA or MAP in either group. In addition, ganglionic blockade with hexamethonium (30 mg/kg iv) significantly decreased MAP in both groups; however, the decrease in MAP was significantly greater in water-deprived rats than in control rats (62 ± 2 vs. 48 ± 2 mmHg, respectively). Collectively, these findings suggest that sympathetic outflow contributes more to the maintenance of blood pressure in the water-deprived rat, and this depends, at least partly, on the ongoing activity of PVN neurons.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1642343020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1642343020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 14670808

AN - SCOPUS:1642343020

VL - 286

JO - American Journal of Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology

SN - 0363-6119

IS - 4 55-4

ER -