Acute kidney injury in a case of multiorgan failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation and purpura fulminans

Yan Leyfman, Annie Tsay, Ali Zebi, Salim Baghli, Gurwant Kaur

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Abstract

We present a case of a 57-year-old Caucasian female with acute kidney injury (AKI) in the setting of multiorgan failure (MOF), DIC and PF. She presented with fever, exudative drainage from her port site, and skin changes concerning for bacteremia. Empiric antibiotics were started after blood, urine, and wound cultures were obtained. None of the cultures grew any organisms. Fever resolved after port removal. She exhibited thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and neutropenia. Urinalysis showed hyaline casts and a fractional excretion of urea (FeUrea) ≤35% indicating a pre-renal state. Her hospital course was complicated by atrial fibrillation, acute hypoxic respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, and hypovolemic shock requiring pressor support. Further, complicated by multiorgan failure including non-oliguric AKI and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) of ≤65%. Acute skin findings included dusky, purple macules and patches involving all digits of both hands as well as gangrenous changes on the face and toes. It prompted further investigation by Hematology and Dermatology. Skin biopsy showed early leukocytoclastic vasculitis changes. Her laboratory markers were suggestive of DIC and Purpura Fulminans.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Case Reports and Reviews
StatePublished - Jan 2021

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