Acute response of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins induced by thermal injury

Charles H. Lang, Xiaoli Liu, Gerald J. Nystrom, Robert A. Frost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrate that thermal injury decreases circulating levels of insulin growth factor I (IGF-I) and alters the plasma concentration of several IGF binding proteins (IGFBP), but the mechanisms for these alterations have not been elucidated. In the current study, a 30% total body surface area full-thickness scald burn was produced in anesthetized rats, and animals were studied 24 h later. The plasma concentration of both total and free IGF-I was decreased (38 and 65%, respectively) in burn rats compared with values from time-matched control animals. Thermal injury decreased the IGF-I peptide content in liver ~40%, as well as in fast-twitch skeletal muscle (56-69%) and heart (28%). In contrast, IGF-I content in kidney was elevated by 36% in burn rats. Northern blot analysis of liver indicated that burn decreased the expression of small (1.7- and 0.9- to 1.2-kb) IGF-I mRNA transcripts but increased the expression of the 7.5-kb transcript. In contrast, there was a coordinate decrease in all IGF-I mRNA transcripts in muscle and kidney of ~30%. For liver, muscle, and kidney, there was no significant difference in the expression of growth hormone receptor mRNA between control and burn rats. Thermal injury increased plasma IGFBP-1 levels, and this change was associated with increased IGFBP-1 mRNA in both liver and kidney. IGFBP-3 levels in plasma were concomitantly decreased by burn injury. This change was associated with a reduction in IGFBP-3 mRNA in liver but an increased expression of IGFBP-3 in kidney and muscle. Thermal injury also decreased the concentration of the acid-labile subunit (ALS) in plasma and ALS mRNA expression in liver. Finally, hepatic expression of IGFBP-related peptide-1 was increased twofold in liver but was unchanged in kidney or muscle of burn rats. These results characterize burn-induced changes in various components of the IGF system in select tissues and thereby provide potential mechanisms for alterations in the circulating IGF system and for changes in tissue metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1087-E1096
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume278
Issue number6 41-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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