Previous studies demonstrate that thermal injury decreases circulating levels of insulin growth factor I (IGF-I) and alters the plasma concentration of several IGF binding proteins (IGFBP), but the mechanisms for these alterations have not been elucidated. In the current study, a 30% total body surface area full-thickness scald burn was produced in anesthetized rats, and animals were studied 24 h later. The plasma concentration of both total and free IGF-I was decreased (38 and 65%, respectively) in burn rats compared with values from time-matched control animals. Thermal injury decreased the IGF-I peptide content in liver ~40%, as well as in fast-twitch skeletal muscle (56-69%) and heart (28%). In contrast, IGF-I content in kidney was elevated by 36% in burn rats. Northern blot analysis of liver indicated that burn decreased the expression of small (1.7- and 0.9- to 1.2-kb) IGF-I mRNA transcripts but increased the expression of the 7.5-kb transcript. In contrast, there was a coordinate decrease in all IGF-I mRNA transcripts in muscle and kidney of ~30%. For liver, muscle, and kidney, there was no significant difference in the expression of growth hormone receptor mRNA between control and burn rats. Thermal injury increased plasma IGFBP-1 levels, and this change was associated with increased IGFBP-1 mRNA in both liver and kidney. IGFBP-3 levels in plasma were concomitantly decreased by burn injury. This change was associated with a reduction in IGFBP-3 mRNA in liver but an increased expression of IGFBP-3 in kidney and muscle. Thermal injury also decreased the concentration of the acid-labile subunit (ALS) in plasma and ALS mRNA expression in liver. Finally, hepatic expression of IGFBP-related peptide-1 was increased twofold in liver but was unchanged in kidney or muscle of burn rats. These results characterize burn-induced changes in various components of the IGF system in select tissues and thereby provide potential mechanisms for alterations in the circulating IGF system and for changes in tissue metabolism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||6 41-6|
|State||Published - Jun 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)