Adaptive and Maladaptive Fear-Related Behaviors: Implications for Psychopathology from Kalin's Primate Model

Kristin Buss, Christine L. Larson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter expounds on Ned Kalin's primate model introduced in the previous chapter by exploring its implications for psychopathology. Specifically, the focus is on maladaptive fear responses occurring outside the normal contexts that elicit fear. The first section reviews Kalin's findings on fear-related defensive behaviors in infant primates such as freezing, cooing, and barking. The studies reveal that these behaviors develop around the same time and have particular environmental cues. Succeeding sections outline the ontogeny of these adaptive defensive behaviors and discuss the physiological characteristics of the fear-related behavioral system. Other sections explore individual differences in behavior which may be considered maladaptive and can be divided into two types: differences in intensity and the inappropriate use of behaviors. An alternative to the traditional syndrome-based conceptualization of fear-related psychopathology- one that highlights symptomatology-is also discussed. The final section examines psychopathological symptoms and its mechanisms for dysregulation and neural substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnxiety, Depression, and Emotion
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199847310
ISBN (Print)9780195133585
StatePublished - Mar 22 2012


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this