Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply

Geffrey K. Ottman, Archin C. Bhatt, Heath Hofmann, George A. Lesieutre

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes an approach to harvesting electrical energy from a mechanically excited piezoelectric element.A vibrating piezoelectric device differs from a typical electrical power source in that it has significant internal impedance limiting available power output, and may be driven by mechanical vibrations of varying amplitude. The energy harvesting approach is loosely based on the fundamental electrical engineering concept of optimal loading. The harvesting circuit consists of an AC-DC rectifier with an output capacitor, an electrochemical battery, and a switch-mode DC-DC converter that controls the energy flow into the battery. An adaptive control technique is used to continuously maximize the power transfer into the battery. Experimental results reveal that use of the adaptive DC-DC converter increases power transfer by over 400% as compared to when the DC-DC converter is not used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Event19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001 - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 11 2001Jun 14 2001

Other

Other19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period6/11/016/14/01

Fingerprint

Energy harvesting
DC-DC converters
Networks (circuits)
Piezoelectric devices
Electrical engineering
Vibrations (mechanical)
Capacitors
Switches

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Ottman, G. K., Bhatt, A. C., Hofmann, H., & Lesieutre, G. A. (2001). Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply. Paper presented at 19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001, Anaheim, CA, United States. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2001-1505
Ottman, Geffrey K. ; Bhatt, Archin C. ; Hofmann, Heath ; Lesieutre, George A. / Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply. Paper presented at 19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001, Anaheim, CA, United States.
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Ottman, GK, Bhatt, AC, Hofmann, H & Lesieutre, GA 2001, 'Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply' Paper presented at 19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001, Anaheim, CA, United States, 6/11/01 - 6/14/01, . https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2001-1505

Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply. / Ottman, Geffrey K.; Bhatt, Archin C.; Hofmann, Heath; Lesieutre, George A.

2001. Paper presented at 19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001, Anaheim, CA, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AB - This paper describes an approach to harvesting electrical energy from a mechanically excited piezoelectric element.A vibrating piezoelectric device differs from a typical electrical power source in that it has significant internal impedance limiting available power output, and may be driven by mechanical vibrations of varying amplitude. The energy harvesting approach is loosely based on the fundamental electrical engineering concept of optimal loading. The harvesting circuit consists of an AC-DC rectifier with an output capacitor, an electrochemical battery, and a switch-mode DC-DC converter that controls the energy flow into the battery. An adaptive control technique is used to continuously maximize the power transfer into the battery. Experimental results reveal that use of the adaptive DC-DC converter increases power transfer by over 400% as compared to when the DC-DC converter is not used.

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Ottman GK, Bhatt AC, Hofmann H, Lesieutre GA. Adaptive piezoelectric energy harvesting circuit for wireless, remote power supply. 2001. Paper presented at 19th AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference 2001, Anaheim, CA, United States. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2001-1505