Purpose: Postoperative analgesia following minimally invasive video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in pediatric patients may involve intravenous opioid analgesics and continuous local anesthetic infusions via an epidural infusion catheter. The use of epidural catheters may avoid systemic side effects of intravenous opioids in this vulnerable population. Design: Our primary aim was to compare total morphine equivalents (MEQ) required, and pain scores between local anesthetic epidural infusion catheters combined with intravenous opioids, versus intravenous opioids alone in pediatric patients following VATS procedure. Methods: Following Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a retrospective chart review of children (ages 1 month to 18 years) who underwent VATS procedure for noncardiac thoracic surgery. Based on the postoperative analgesic technique used, the study population was divided into two groups that is, epidural group and nonepidural group. Both groups received intravenous systemic opioids. The primary outcome variables were total MEQ required and pain scores in the perioperative period. Findings: Ninety-two patients were included in the study. Of these, 22 patients belonged to the epidural group versus 70 patients to the nonepidural group. There was no statistical difference in MEQ requirements or pain scores between the groups intraoperatively (P =.304), in the postanesthesia care unit (P =.166), or at postoperative time intervals of 24 hours (P =.805) and 48 hours (P =.844). The presence of infection or empyema was a significant factor for the avoidance of epidural placement by providers (P =.003). Conclusions: There was no significant difference in the perioperative MEQ or postoperative pain scores between the epidural catheter group and the nonepidural group. More research is necessary to determine if this could be due to epidural catheter malposition and/or inadequate dermatomal coverage of surgical chest tubes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing|
|State||Published - Dec 2022|
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