The effect of the substituent on the palladium(II)-catalyzed addition polymerization of functionalized norbornene derivatives was examined. Endo-substituted norbornenes are polymerized more slowly than their corresponding exo isomers. The size of the substituent plays a role. However, the coordinating ability of the functionality plays an even bigger role in attenuating polymerization than its size. The formation of chelates upon the coordination of the endo-functionalized norbornene is responsible, in part, for the observed decrease in polymerization rate. A further, and even greater, reason for the diminution of activity of both the endo- and the exo-functionalized isomers is simply the coordination of the functionality to the metal center.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry