ADHD subtypes and comorbid anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder: Differences in sleep problems

Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L. Calhoun, Edward O. Bixler, Alexandros N. Vgontzas, Fauzia Mahr, Jolene Hillwig-Garcia, Belal Elamir, Linda Edhere-Ekezie, Matthew Parvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Sleep problems were analyzed in children with ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Methods: Scales were completed by parents of 135 control children and 681 children with ADHD combined type (ADHD-C) or inattentive type (ADHD-I) with or without comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, or depression. Results: Children with ADHD-I alone had the fewest sleep problems and did not differ from controls. Children with ADHD-C had more sleep problems than controls and children with ADHD-I. Comorbid anxiety/depression increased sleep problems, whereas ODD did not. Daytime sleepiness was greatest in ADHD-I and was associated with sleeping more (not less) than normal. Medicated children had greater difficulty falling asleep than unmedicated children. Conclusions: Differences in sleep problems were found as a function of ADHD subtype, comorbidity, and medication. The Author 2008.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-337
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

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Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Sleep
Anxiety
Depression
Comorbidity
Parents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: Sleep problems were analyzed in children with ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Methods: Scales were completed by parents of 135 control children and 681 children with ADHD combined type (ADHD-C) or inattentive type (ADHD-I) with or without comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, or depression. Results: Children with ADHD-I alone had the fewest sleep problems and did not differ from controls. Children with ADHD-C had more sleep problems than controls and children with ADHD-I. Comorbid anxiety/depression increased sleep problems, whereas ODD did not. Daytime sleepiness was greatest in ADHD-I and was associated with sleeping more (not less) than normal. Medicated children had greater difficulty falling asleep than unmedicated children. Conclusions: Differences in sleep problems were found as a function of ADHD subtype, comorbidity, and medication. The Author 2008.",
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ADHD subtypes and comorbid anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder : Differences in sleep problems. / Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Bixler, Edward O.; Vgontzas, Alexandros N.; Mahr, Fauzia; Hillwig-Garcia, Jolene; Elamir, Belal; Edhere-Ekezie, Linda; Parvin, Matthew.

In: Journal of pediatric psychology, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.04.2009, p. 328-337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mayes, Susan Dickerson

AU - Calhoun, Susan L.

AU - Bixler, Edward O.

AU - Vgontzas, Alexandros N.

AU - Mahr, Fauzia

AU - Hillwig-Garcia, Jolene

AU - Elamir, Belal

AU - Edhere-Ekezie, Linda

AU - Parvin, Matthew

PY - 2009/4/1

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AB - Objective: Sleep problems were analyzed in children with ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Methods: Scales were completed by parents of 135 control children and 681 children with ADHD combined type (ADHD-C) or inattentive type (ADHD-I) with or without comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, or depression. Results: Children with ADHD-I alone had the fewest sleep problems and did not differ from controls. Children with ADHD-C had more sleep problems than controls and children with ADHD-I. Comorbid anxiety/depression increased sleep problems, whereas ODD did not. Daytime sleepiness was greatest in ADHD-I and was associated with sleeping more (not less) than normal. Medicated children had greater difficulty falling asleep than unmedicated children. Conclusions: Differences in sleep problems were found as a function of ADHD subtype, comorbidity, and medication. The Author 2008.

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