Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane

D. G. Knost, Karen Ann Thole

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In gas turbine development, the direction has been towards higher turbine inlet temperatures to increase the work output and thermal efficiency. This extreme environment can significantly impact component life. One means of preventing component burnout in the turbine is to effectively use film-cooling whereby coolant is extracted from the compressor and injected through component surfaces. One such surface is the endwall of the first stage nozzle guide vane. This paper presents measurements of two endwall film-cooling hole patterns combined with cooling from a flush slot that simulates leakage flow between the combustor and turbine sections. Adiabatic effectiveness measurements showed the slot flow adequately cooled portions of the endwall. Measurements also showed two very difficult regions to cool including the leading edge and pressure side-endwall junction. As the momentum flux ratios were increased for the film-cooling jets in the stagnation region, the coolant was shown to impact the vane and wash down onto the endwall surface. Along the pressure side of the vane in the upstream portion of the passage, the jets were shown to separate from the surface rather than penetrate to the pressure surface. In the downstream portion of the passage, the jets along the pressure side of the vane were shown to impact the vane thereby eliminating any uncooled regions at the junction. The measurements were also combined with computations to show the importance of considering the trajectory of the flow in the near-wall region, which can be highly influenced by slot leakage flows.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General
    Pages353-362
    Number of pages10
    Volume3
    StatePublished - 2004
    Event2004 ASME Turbo Expo - Vienna, Austria
    Duration: Jun 14 2004Jun 17 2004

    Other

    Other2004 ASME Turbo Expo
    CountryAustria
    CityVienna
    Period6/14/046/17/04

    Fingerprint

    Cooling
    Turbines
    Coolants
    Combustors
    Gas turbines
    Compressors
    Nozzles
    Momentum
    Trajectories
    Fluxes
    Temperature

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Knost, D. G., & Thole, K. A. (2004). Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General (Vol. 3, pp. 353-362)
    Knost, D. G. ; Thole, Karen Ann. / Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General. Vol. 3 2004. pp. 353-362
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    Knost, DG & Thole, KA 2004, Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane. in Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General. vol. 3, pp. 353-362, 2004 ASME Turbo Expo, Vienna, Austria, 6/14/04.

    Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane. / Knost, D. G.; Thole, Karen Ann.

    Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General. Vol. 3 2004. p. 353-362.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    Knost DG, Thole KA. Adiabatic effectiveness measurements of endwall film-cooling for a first stage vane. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Volume 3: Heat Transfer: General. Vol. 3. 2004. p. 353-362