Adiposity, Depression Symptoms and Inflammation in Hispanic/Latino Youth: Results From HCHS/SOL Youth

Selena T. Nguyen-Rodriguez, Linda C. Gallo, Carmen R. Isasi, Orfeu M. Buxton, Ka Mala S. Thomas, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Susan Redline, Sheila F. Castañeda, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Martha L. Daviglus, Krista M. Perreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is implicated as one of many factors related to the development of chronic disease; thus, identifying its modifiable risk factors offers potential intervention targets to reduce risk. PURPOSE: To investigate whether depression and anxiety symptoms may indirectly affect high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) through sleep duration and adiposity (i.e., percentage body fat and waist circumference). METHODS: Multiple regression analyses were performed on Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Youth (ages 8-16 years) cross-sectional baseline data, which were weighted to adjust for sampling design. Data were collected at a clinical assessment, including fasting blood samples, self-report surveys, and objectively measured anthropometrics. RESULTS: Adjusting for sociodemographic covariates, depression symptoms were associated with log hs-CRP (β = .011, p = .047) but not PAI-1 (p = .285). Percentage body fat and waist circumference were positively related to depression symptoms (p = .026 and p = .028, respectively) and log hs-CRP (p < .001 for both). When including adiposity in the hs-CRP model, the associations of depression symptoms with hs-CRP were attenuated and became nonsignificant. Monte Carlo confidence intervals (CIs) showed that the indirect effects from depression symptoms to CRP through percentage body fat (95% CI: .0006, .0119) and waist circumference (95% CI: .0004, .0109) were statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that the association between psychological distress and inflammation may occur indirectly through adiposity in Hispanic/Latino children. If findings are replicated in causal designs, reducing depression symptoms and adiposity among Hispanic/Latino children may be avenues for primary prevention of inflammation in later years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-534
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Volume54
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Nguyen-Rodriguez, S. T., Gallo, L. C., Isasi, C. R., Buxton, O. M., Thomas, K. M. S., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Redline, S., Castañeda, S. F., Carnethon, M. R., Daviglus, M. L., & Perreira, K. M. (2020). Adiposity, Depression Symptoms and Inflammation in Hispanic/Latino Youth: Results From HCHS/SOL Youth. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, 54(7), 529-534. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaz070