Adjusting for risk in comparing the performances of male- and female-controlled SMEs

John Watson, Sherry Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Small and medium enterprise (SME) research has typically found that female-owned SMEs underperform male-owned SMEs. Further, this underperformance usually persists after controlling for variables such as industry, age of business, and size of business. However, previous studies have normally limited their assessment of performance to sales or profit (or growth in sales or profit) without controlling for differences in risk. Our results indicate that although profits are significantly higher for male-controlled SMEs, so is the variation in profits (risk). After adjusting for risk, we find no significant difference between the performances of male- and female-controlled SMEs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-788
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Business Venturing
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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