The in vivo interaction between the chemical carcinogen ethylnitrosourea (ENU) and the oncogenic simian virus 40 (SV40) was studied. Inbred newborn Syrian golden hamsters were injected subcutaneously with SV40 (5 × 106 plaque-forming units), ENU (0.5% solution, 125 or 25 mg/kg body wt), or equal mixtures of the two. Animals that received SV40 and ENU developed more tumors (100% vs 52%) within a shorter latent period (10 weeks vs 18 weeks) than animals that received SV40 alone. Animals given SV40 and ENU showed increased mortality and increased metastatic tumors (54.2% vs 30.8%) compared with those given SV40 alone. The SV40 and ENU group also exhibited multiple (> 10 nodules) pulmonary metastases (33.3% vs 7.7%) and metastases in multiple organs (12.5% vs 0%) compared with animals injected with SV40 alone. No difference in primary tumor size, histology, and SV40 T-antigen content was detected between SV40- and SV40/ENU-induced tumors. Four weeks after SV40 or SV40 plus ENU treatment, animals were challenged intradermally with 2.7 × 106 SV40-transformed hamster cells. Five weeks after challenge, 89.5% of the animals treated with SV40 and ENU and 45.4% of animals treated with SV40 developed tumors at the challenge site. Newborn animals given SV40 and ENU developed larger tumors at the challenge site (P < 0.002) than newborns treated with SV40 alone. Thus, administration of ENU to hamsters during the neonatal stage of development produced a long-lasting systemic effect that enhanced tumor development by transplanted SV40-transformed hamster cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Oct 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)