Offering rapid HIV testing improves rates of testing in adults, but little is known about whether offering adolescents a choice of testing methods increases rates of testing. The aims of the study were to determine rates of HIV testing in adolescents when different testing methods were offered and explore factors associated with agreement to be tested for HIV. Participants (n=200, sexually experienced 13-22 year olds) were recruited from an urban adolescent clinic, completed a 99-item theory-based survey and were offered their choice of venipuncture, rapid fingerstick or rapid oral fluid HIV testing. Approximately half (49.5%) agreed to HIV testing. Male gender, parental completion of high school, intention to test for HIV if offered by clinician and higher perceived likelihood of current HIV infection were independently associated with agreement to test. Combining new strategies, such as opt-out testing, with routine testing may be needed to improve rates of adolescent HIV testing.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases