The complete exchange of strands between circular single-stranded and full length linear duplex DNAs promoted by the recA protein of Escherichia coli is dependent upon the hydrolysis of ATP and is strongly stimulated by the single-stranded DNA binding protein (SSB). In the presence of SSB, stable complexes of recA protein and single-stranded DNA are formed as an early step in the reaction. These complexes dissociate when the ADP/ATP ratio approaches a value of 0.6-1.5, depending upon reaction conditions. Thus, ATP hydrolysis never proceeds to completion but stops when 40-60% of the input ATP has undergone hydrolysis. recA protein can participate in a second round of strand exchange upon regeneration of the ATP. While 100-200 mol of ATP are hydrolyzed/mol of heteroduplex base pair formed under standard reaction conditions in the presence of SSB, this value is reduced to 16 at levels of ADP lower than that required to dissociate the complexes. ATP hydrolysis appears to be completely irreversible since efforts to detect exchange reactions using 18O probes have been unsuccessful.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 25 1983|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology