Adrenalectomy: should urologists not be doing more?

Jay G. Fuletra, Amber L. Schilling, Daniel Canter, Christopher S. Hollenbeak, Jay D. Raman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: Adrenalectomy is an operation performed by both urologists and general surgeons; however, the majority are performed by general surgeons. We investigated whether there was a difference in outcomes based on surgical specialty performing the procedure. If no differences exist, an argument can be made that urologists should be doing more adrenalectomies. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) Participant Use File (PUF) was queried to extract all cases of adrenalectomies performed from 2011 to 2015. Current Procedural Technology (CPT) codes 60540 and 60650 were used. The data were stratified by surgical specialty performing the adrenalectomy (urology or general surgery). Our outcomes of interest included post-surgical complications, reoperations, 30-day readmission, mortality, and hospital length of stay. Results: A total of 3358 patients who underwent adrenalectomy between 2011 and 2015 were included. General surgeons performed 90% of these (n = 3012) and urologists performed 10% (n = 334). Differences in number of post-surgical complications, length of stay, rate of reoperation, 30-day readmission, and mortality were not statistically significant between general surgeons and urologists (p = 0.76, p = 0.29, p = 0.37, p = 0.98, and p = 0.59, respectively). Small complication rates disallowed multivariable analyses, but unadjusted rates for reoperation, presence of any post-operative complication, readmission within 30 days, and mortality were similar between specialties. Conclusions: Surgical specialty did not make a difference in outcomes for patients undergoing adrenalectomy, despite a large disparity in the number of procedures performed by general surgeons versus urologists. Urologists should continue performing adrenalectomies and, given their familiarity with the retroperitoneum, perhaps perform more than is the current trend.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Adrenalectomy
Surgical Specialties
Reoperation
Length of Stay
Mortality
Urology
Quality Improvement
Urologists
Surgeons
Technology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

Cite this

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title = "Adrenalectomy: should urologists not be doing more?",
abstract = "Purpose: Adrenalectomy is an operation performed by both urologists and general surgeons; however, the majority are performed by general surgeons. We investigated whether there was a difference in outcomes based on surgical specialty performing the procedure. If no differences exist, an argument can be made that urologists should be doing more adrenalectomies. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) Participant Use File (PUF) was queried to extract all cases of adrenalectomies performed from 2011 to 2015. Current Procedural Technology (CPT) codes 60540 and 60650 were used. The data were stratified by surgical specialty performing the adrenalectomy (urology or general surgery). Our outcomes of interest included post-surgical complications, reoperations, 30-day readmission, mortality, and hospital length of stay. Results: A total of 3358 patients who underwent adrenalectomy between 2011 and 2015 were included. General surgeons performed 90{\%} of these (n = 3012) and urologists performed 10{\%} (n = 334). Differences in number of post-surgical complications, length of stay, rate of reoperation, 30-day readmission, and mortality were not statistically significant between general surgeons and urologists (p = 0.76, p = 0.29, p = 0.37, p = 0.98, and p = 0.59, respectively). Small complication rates disallowed multivariable analyses, but unadjusted rates for reoperation, presence of any post-operative complication, readmission within 30 days, and mortality were similar between specialties. Conclusions: Surgical specialty did not make a difference in outcomes for patients undergoing adrenalectomy, despite a large disparity in the number of procedures performed by general surgeons versus urologists. Urologists should continue performing adrenalectomies and, given their familiarity with the retroperitoneum, perhaps perform more than is the current trend.",
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Adrenalectomy : should urologists not be doing more? / Fuletra, Jay G.; Schilling, Amber L.; Canter, Daniel; Hollenbeak, Christopher S.; Raman, Jay D.

In: International Urology and Nephrology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adrenalectomy

T2 - should urologists not be doing more?

AU - Fuletra, Jay G.

AU - Schilling, Amber L.

AU - Canter, Daniel

AU - Hollenbeak, Christopher S.

AU - Raman, Jay D.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose: Adrenalectomy is an operation performed by both urologists and general surgeons; however, the majority are performed by general surgeons. We investigated whether there was a difference in outcomes based on surgical specialty performing the procedure. If no differences exist, an argument can be made that urologists should be doing more adrenalectomies. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) Participant Use File (PUF) was queried to extract all cases of adrenalectomies performed from 2011 to 2015. Current Procedural Technology (CPT) codes 60540 and 60650 were used. The data were stratified by surgical specialty performing the adrenalectomy (urology or general surgery). Our outcomes of interest included post-surgical complications, reoperations, 30-day readmission, mortality, and hospital length of stay. Results: A total of 3358 patients who underwent adrenalectomy between 2011 and 2015 were included. General surgeons performed 90% of these (n = 3012) and urologists performed 10% (n = 334). Differences in number of post-surgical complications, length of stay, rate of reoperation, 30-day readmission, and mortality were not statistically significant between general surgeons and urologists (p = 0.76, p = 0.29, p = 0.37, p = 0.98, and p = 0.59, respectively). Small complication rates disallowed multivariable analyses, but unadjusted rates for reoperation, presence of any post-operative complication, readmission within 30 days, and mortality were similar between specialties. Conclusions: Surgical specialty did not make a difference in outcomes for patients undergoing adrenalectomy, despite a large disparity in the number of procedures performed by general surgeons versus urologists. Urologists should continue performing adrenalectomies and, given their familiarity with the retroperitoneum, perhaps perform more than is the current trend.

AB - Purpose: Adrenalectomy is an operation performed by both urologists and general surgeons; however, the majority are performed by general surgeons. We investigated whether there was a difference in outcomes based on surgical specialty performing the procedure. If no differences exist, an argument can be made that urologists should be doing more adrenalectomies. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) Participant Use File (PUF) was queried to extract all cases of adrenalectomies performed from 2011 to 2015. Current Procedural Technology (CPT) codes 60540 and 60650 were used. The data were stratified by surgical specialty performing the adrenalectomy (urology or general surgery). Our outcomes of interest included post-surgical complications, reoperations, 30-day readmission, mortality, and hospital length of stay. Results: A total of 3358 patients who underwent adrenalectomy between 2011 and 2015 were included. General surgeons performed 90% of these (n = 3012) and urologists performed 10% (n = 334). Differences in number of post-surgical complications, length of stay, rate of reoperation, 30-day readmission, and mortality were not statistically significant between general surgeons and urologists (p = 0.76, p = 0.29, p = 0.37, p = 0.98, and p = 0.59, respectively). Small complication rates disallowed multivariable analyses, but unadjusted rates for reoperation, presence of any post-operative complication, readmission within 30 days, and mortality were similar between specialties. Conclusions: Surgical specialty did not make a difference in outcomes for patients undergoing adrenalectomy, despite a large disparity in the number of procedures performed by general surgeons versus urologists. Urologists should continue performing adrenalectomies and, given their familiarity with the retroperitoneum, perhaps perform more than is the current trend.

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U2 - 10.1007/s11255-019-02306-y

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