Adsorption and diffusion dynamics of a Ge adatom on the Si{100}(2×1) surface

Deepak Srivastava, Barbara J. Garrison

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The Ge-adatom adsorption and diffusion on the fully relaxed Si{100}(2×1) surface is studied by a combination of molecular-dynamics simulations with Tersoffs potential for the Ge-Si interactions, a simplified transition-state theory of Voter and lattice-gas simulations. Six local minima for adsorption are found on the surface, and the activation energies between each are determined. The macroscopic diffusion follows the Arrhenius behavior with D=4.3×10-4 exp(-0.73 eV/kT) cm2/sec. In addition, we find that the adatom diffusion is anisotropic in nature and the direction of easy diffusion is perpendicular to the dimers (i.e., parallel to the dimer rows) of the original surface. A comparison with the Si-adatom diffusion shows that the Ge-adatom diffusion is less anisotropic and that Ge adatoms diffuse 23 times more slowly than Si adatoms on the same surface. The diffusion coefficients for Ge- and Si-adatom migrations perpendicular to the dimer rows are found to be DGe=2.8×10-3 exp(-1.17 eV/kT) cm2/sec and DSi=4.8×10-3 exp(-1.20 eV/kT) cm2/sec, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1472-1479
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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