Adsorption separation of CO2 from simulated flue gas mixtures by novel CO2 'molecular basket' adsorbents

Xiaochun Xu, Chunshan Song, John M. Andresen, Bruce G. Miller, Alan W. Scaroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adsorption separation of CO2 from simulated flue gas mixtures containing CO2, O2, and N2 by using a novel CO2 'molecular basket' adsorbent was investigated in a flow adsorption separation system. The novel CO2 'molecular basket' adsorbents were developed by synthesising mesoporous molecular sieve MCM-41 and modifying it with polyethylenimine (PEI). The influence of operation conditions, including feed flow rate, temperature, feed CO2 concentration, and sweep gas flow rate, on the CO2 adsorption/desorption separation performance and CO2 breakthrough were examined. The CO2 adsorption capacity was 91.0 ml (STP)/g-PEI, which was 27 times higher than that of the MCM-41 alone. Further, the adsorbent showed separation selectivity of greater than 1000 for CO2/N2 ratio and approximately 180 for CO2/O2, which are significantly higher than those of the MCM-41, zeolites, and activated carbons. Cyclic adsorption/desorption measurements showed that the CO2 'molecular basket' adsorbent was stable at 75°C. However, the CO2 'molecular basket' adsorbent was not stable when the operation temperature was higher than 100°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-52
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Technology and Management
Volume4
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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