Hip pain can originate from the hip joint, groin, surrounding musculature, sacroiliac (SI) joints, lumbar spine, abdomen, or pelvis. To ease in the clinical evaluation of possible etiologies of hip pain, it is helpful to divide the hip and pelvis into anterior, lateral, and posterior regions. Hernias should be considered in athletes with persistent hip, groin, or pelvic pain despite conservative therapy. Functional leg length discrepancy can result from muscle imbalances about the hip and pelvis and can further compound the biomechanical deficits.
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