Adult obesity, food access, and eating habits in Italy

An empirical analysis

Francesco Bimbo, Alessandro Bonanno, Rosaria Viscecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – Improving access to healthy foods is currently on the European Union health policy agenda, as a means to mitigate obesity. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship between access to food stores and adult BMI in Italy, accounting also for the synergic role of individuals’ eating habits. Design/methodology/approach – To study the relationship between access to different food outlets, eating habits, and adult BMI in Italy, the authors combine three years of individual-level data with region-level food stores’ density measures and account for store location endogeneity using a Generalized Method of Moment estimator. Findings – While large stores and specialty fruit and vegetable stores show a BMI decreasing effect, local/convenience stores show little to no effect on adult BMI. The effect of access on adult BMI varies conditionally on dietary habits, since access to food outlets and healthy eating can have a synergic impact on reducing Italian adults’ BMI. Originality/value – The authors highlight how, the effectiveness of policies aimed to curb obesity may vary according with the food environment consumers live in as well as on individuals’ eating habits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1689-1705
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Food Journal
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2015

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
eating habits
Italy
obesity
Obesity
Food
food storage
health policy
healthy diet
European Union
Health Policy
Vegetables
vegetables
Empirical analysis
Body mass index
Habit
Fruit
fruits
methodology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science

Cite this

Bimbo, Francesco ; Bonanno, Alessandro ; Viscecchia, Rosaria. / Adult obesity, food access, and eating habits in Italy : An empirical analysis. In: British Food Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 117, No. 6. pp. 1689-1705.
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Adult obesity, food access, and eating habits in Italy : An empirical analysis. / Bimbo, Francesco; Bonanno, Alessandro; Viscecchia, Rosaria.

In: British Food Journal, Vol. 117, No. 6, 08.06.2015, p. 1689-1705.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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