A new flow-through external pressure-balanced reference electrode (FTEPBRE) has been developed for potentiometric and pH measurements in high temperature aqueous solutions. The unique feature of this advanced FTEPBRE is that the reference solution flows through the electrode so that the concentration of solution across the thermal liquid junction is well defined. Because the electrolyte concentration profile in the reference electrode is maintained constant, uncertainty in the thermal liquid junction potential (TLJP) can be eliminated at a given temperature and pressure. We have employed the silver|silver chloride|platinum|hydrogen non-isothermal electrochemical system for potentiometric measurements of potentials between HCl(aq) solutions of 0.01 and 0.001 mol kg-1 at temperatures up to 633 K and at pressures of 275 and 338 bar. The results of the measurements have been compared with calculations made using the available thermodynamic data, and good agreement, within ± 3 to 10 mV, between the calculated and the measured potentials is obtained. We concluded that the advanced reference electrode can be used to make accurate potentiometric measurements (within a few mV) in aqueous systems over wide ranges of temperatures and pressures. Also we demonstrated an ability of the thermocell to measure pH with high accuracy of ±0.04 to 0.09 over wide ranges of temperature and pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)