Advanced MR Imaging Techniques for Evaluation of the Heart and Great Vessels

Jerrold L. Boxerman, Timothy J. Mosher, Elliot R. McVeigh, Ergin Atalar, Joao A.C. Lima, David A. Bluemke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A "one-stop shop" for evaluating cardiac disease with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is progressing toward clinical reality and promises to have a major effect on the care of patients with cardiac disease. T1-weighted conventional spin-echo imaging gated to the cardiac cycle yields good anatomic detail but requires long imaging times and provides only static images of a single cardiac phase. Fast MR imaging with electrocardiographically (ECG) gated, low-flip-angle, segmented k-space gradient-recalled-echo (GRE) sequences provides excellent image quality with sufficiently high temporal resolution to "freeze" cardiac motion. Segmented k-space sequences improve on standard ECG-gated GRE sequences by allowing many cardiac phases, or frames of a cine sequence, to be imaged in a single breath hold with prospective cardiac gating. As commercial implementations of segmented k-space imaging become more widely available, the applications of this technique are expanding from research protocols to include many clinical applications in the heart and great vessels. Such applications include evaluation of vascular anatomy (coronary angiography, aortic disease, aberrant vessels, vascular access), cardiac anatomy (congenital anomalies, right ventricular dysplasia, constrictive pericarditis, valvular function), myocardial perfusion, and myocardial wall motion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-564
Number of pages22
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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