Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series

M. Ghil, M. R. Allen, M. D. Dettinger, K. Ide, D. Kondrashov, Michael Mann, A. W. Robertson, A. Saunders, Y. Tian, F. Varadi, P. Yiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1220 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis of univariate or multivariate time series provides crucial information to describe, understand, and predict climatic variability. The discovery and implementation of a number of novel methods for extracting useful information from time series has recently revitalized this classical field of study. Considerable progress has also been made in interpreting the information so obtained in terms of dynamical systems theory. In this review we describe the connections between time series analysis and nonlinear dynamics, discuss signal- to-noise enhancement, and present some of the novel methods for spectral analysis. The various steps, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of these methods, are illustrated by their application to an important climatic time series, the Southern Oscillation Index. This index captures major features of interannual climate variability and is used extensively in its prediction. Regional and global sea surface temperature data sets are used to illustrate multivariate spectral methods. Open questions and further prospects conclude the review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalReviews of Geophysics
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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spectral methods
time series
Southern Oscillation
time series analysis
sea surface temperature
dynamical systems
climate
spectrum analysis
spectral analysis
augmentation
predictions
method
prediction
index

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics

Cite this

Ghil, M., Allen, M. R., Dettinger, M. D., Ide, K., Kondrashov, D., Mann, M., ... Yiou, P. (2002). Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series. Reviews of Geophysics, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.1029/2000RG000092
Ghil, M. ; Allen, M. R. ; Dettinger, M. D. ; Ide, K. ; Kondrashov, D. ; Mann, Michael ; Robertson, A. W. ; Saunders, A. ; Tian, Y. ; Varadi, F. ; Yiou, P. / Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series. In: Reviews of Geophysics. 2002 ; Vol. 40, No. 1.
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Ghil, M, Allen, MR, Dettinger, MD, Ide, K, Kondrashov, D, Mann, M, Robertson, AW, Saunders, A, Tian, Y, Varadi, F & Yiou, P 2002, 'Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series', Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 40, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000RG000092

Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series. / Ghil, M.; Allen, M. R.; Dettinger, M. D.; Ide, K.; Kondrashov, D.; Mann, Michael; Robertson, A. W.; Saunders, A.; Tian, Y.; Varadi, F.; Yiou, P.

In: Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.01.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Ghil M, Allen MR, Dettinger MD, Ide K, Kondrashov D, Mann M et al. Advanced spectral methods for climatic time series. Reviews of Geophysics. 2002 Jan 1;40(1). https://doi.org/10.1029/2000RG000092