Major categories of radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer (CaP) treatment are: (1) external beam RT (EBRT), and (2) brachytherapy (BT). EBRT are performed using different techniques like three-dimensional conformal RT (3D-CRT), intensity modulated RT (IMRT), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT), etc., using a variety of radiation delivery machines, such as a linear accelerator (Linac), Cyberknife robotic system, Gamma knife, Tomotherapy and proton beam machine. The primary advantage of proton beam therapy is sparing of normal tissues and organ at risks (OARs) with comparable coverage of the tumor volume. MR-Linac is the latest addition in the image-guided RT. Robot-assisted brachytherapy is one of the latest technological innovations in the field. With the advancement of technology, radiation therapy for prostate cancer can be improved using high quality multimodal imaging, robot-assistance for brachytherapy as well as EBRT. This chapter presents the advances in radiation therapy for the treatment of prostate cancer.