Aerodynamic tip desensitization of an axial turbine rotor using tip platform extensions

Debashis Dey, Cengiz Camci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aerodynamic losses due to the formation of a leakage vortex near the tip section of rotor blades form a significant part of viscous losses in axial flow turbines. The leakage flow, mainly induced by the pressure differential between the pressure side and suction side of a rotor tip section, usually rolls into a streamwise vortical structure near the suction side part of the blade tip. The current study uses the concept of a tip platform extension that is a very short "winglet" obtained by slightly extending the tip platform in the tangential direction. The use of a pressure side tip extension can significantly affect the local aerodynamic field by weakening the leakage vortex structure. Phase averaged, time accurate total pressure measurements downstream of a single stage turbine facility are provided from a total pressure probe that has a time response of 150 kHz. Complete total pressure maps in all of the 29 rotor exit planes are measured accurately. Various pressure and suction side extension configurations are compared against a baseline case. The current investigation performed in the Axial Flow Turbine Research Facility (AFTRF) of the Pennsylvania State University shows that significant total to total efficiency gain is possible by the use of tip platform extensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAircraft Engine; Marine; Turbomachinery; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Print)9780791878507
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
EventASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2001 - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: Jun 4 2001Jun 7 2001

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume1

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, GT 2001
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans, LA
Period6/4/016/7/01

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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