Affective states and traits in the workplace: Diary and survey data from young workers

Alicia A. Grandey, Anita P. Tam, Analea L. Brauburger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

191 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated proposed paths of the affective events theory (AET; H. M. Weiss & R. Cropanzano, 1996), with part-time employees completing surveys at 2 points in time and completing an event-contingent diary over 2 weeks. In support of AET, negative affectivity (Time 1) related to negative emotional reactions at work. Negative emotional reactions were associated with intention to leave the job (Time 2). This relationship was especially strong for the sadness emotions (disappointed, depressed, unhappy). Positive affectivity (Time 1) directly related to job satisfaction (Time 2), but only weakly predicted positive emotional reactions at work (aggregated over 2 weeks). Qualitative data provided information about work affective events and affect-driven behaviors. Interpersonal mistreatment from customers were the most frequent cause of anger and resulted in faking expressions about 50% of the time. Recognition from supervisors for work performance was the main cause of pride.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-55
Number of pages25
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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