Aflatoxin exposure during the first 1000 days of life in rural South Asia assessed by aflatoxin B1-lysine albumin biomarkers

John D. Groopman, Patricia A. Egner, Kerry J. Schulze, Lee S.F. Wu, Rebecca Merrill, Sucheta Mehra, Abu A. Shamim, Hasmot Ali, Saijuddin Shaikh, Alison Gernand, Subarna K. Khatry, Steven C. LeClerq, Keith P. West, Parul Christian

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Abstract

Aflatoxin B1 is a potent carcinogen, occurring from mold growth that contaminates staple grains in hot, humid environments. In this investigation, aflatoxin B1-lysine albumin biomarkers were measured by mass spectrometry in rural South Asian women, during the first and third trimester of pregnancy, and their children at birth and at two years of age. These subjects participated in randomized community trials of antenatal micronutrient supplementation in Sarlahi District, southern Nepal and Gaibandha District in northwestern Bangladesh. Findings from the Nepal samples demonstrated exposure to aflatoxin, with 94% detectable samples ranging from 0.45 to 2939.30 pg aflatoxin B1-lysine/mg albumin during pregnancy. In the Bangladesh samples the range was 1.56 to 63.22 pg aflatoxin B1-lysine/mg albumin in the first trimester, 3.37 to 72.8 pg aflatoxin B1-lysine/mg albumin in the third trimester, 4.62 to 76.69 pg aflatoxin B1-lysine/mg albumin at birth and 3.88 to 81.44 pg aflatoxin B1-lysine/mg albumin at age two years. Aflatoxin B1-lysine adducts in cord blood samples demonstrated that the fetus had the capacity to convert aflatoxin into toxicologically active compounds and the detection in the same 2-year-old children illustrates exposure over the first 1000 days of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Groopman, J. D., Egner, P. A., Schulze, K. J., Wu, L. S. F., Merrill, R., Mehra, S., Shamim, A. A., Ali, H., Shaikh, S., Gernand, A., Khatry, S. K., LeClerq, S. C., West, K. P., & Christian, P. (2014). Aflatoxin exposure during the first 1000 days of life in rural South Asia assessed by aflatoxin B1-lysine albumin biomarkers. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 74, 184-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2014.09.016