African American college students' experiences with everyday racism: Characteristics of and responses to these incidents

Janet K. Swim, Lauri L. Hyers, Laurie L. Cohen, Davita C. Fitzgerald, Wayne H. Bylsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

237 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

African American college students reported their experiences with everyday forms of racism at a predominantly European American university using a daily diary format. Their reported incidents represented verbal expressions of prejudice, bad service, staring or glaring, and difficulties in interpersonal exchanges (e.g., rudeness or awkward and nervous behavior). Both women's and men's experiences with interpersonal forms of prejudice were common, often occurred with friends and in intimate situations, and had significant emotional impact on them in terms of decreasing their comfort and increasing their feelings of threat during the interaction. Moreover, anger was the most frequently reported emotional reaction to these events. Participants were not passive targets, however, with many responding either directly or indirectly to the incidents. Findings from this study converged upon patterns of results found in in-depth interviews and surveys while also adding information to a growing body of literature on everyday experiences with racism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-67
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Black Psychology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

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Racism
prejudice
African Americans
racism
incident
Students
everyday experience
Anger
anger
Emotions
experience
student
Interviews
threat
event
university
interaction
interview
American
Surveys and Questionnaires

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Swim, Janet K. ; Hyers, Lauri L. ; Cohen, Laurie L. ; Fitzgerald, Davita C. ; Bylsma, Wayne H. / African American college students' experiences with everyday racism : Characteristics of and responses to these incidents. In: Journal of Black Psychology. 2003 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 38-67.
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African American college students' experiences with everyday racism : Characteristics of and responses to these incidents. / Swim, Janet K.; Hyers, Lauri L.; Cohen, Laurie L.; Fitzgerald, Davita C.; Bylsma, Wayne H.

In: Journal of Black Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.12.2003, p. 38-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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