Age at unilateral orchiopexy: Effect on hormone levels and sperm count in adulthood

Michael T. Coughlin, Mark F. Bellinger, Peter Lee

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Abstract

Purpose: We determined whether there are differences in hormone levels, such as inhibin B, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone and testosterone, and sperm density in men with a history of unilateral cryptorchidism as stratified by age at orchiopexy. Materials and Methods: A total of 84 men with a history of unilateral cryptorchidism presented to our institution for serum hormone measurement and semen analysis. These parameters were compared using Pearson's correlations and analysis of variance among 4 groups stratified according to age at orchiopexy (range 1 month to 11 years). Results: Comparison by Pearson's correlation analysis showed that age at orchiopexy significantly correlated inversely with inhibin B (r = -0.274, p = 0.012) and positively correlated with FSH (r = 0.229, p = 0.036). Comparison of mean hormone levels and sperm density by analysis of variance for linear trend revealed a significant relationship between age at surgery with inhibin B (p = 0.032) and testosterone (p = 0.029), while sperm density, FSH and luteinizing hormone were not significantly related. Post hoc comparison of individual means at surgery and at the time of this study demonstrated a significantly higher inhibin B level in the youngest age group than in 2 of the 3 older groups. Conclusions: Men who previously had unilateral cryptorchidism and who underwent orchiopexy by age 2 years have higher inhibin B and lower FSH profiles than those who underwent surgery later in life. This finding suggests an overall beneficial effect of early orchiopexy in boys born with unilateral cryptorchidism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)986-988
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume162
Issue number3 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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