Age differences in utilization and outcomes of tissue-plasminogen activator and mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke

Nandakumar Nagaraja, Urvish K. Patel, Seemant Chaturvedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and purpose: U.S. demographics is shifting towards older population. Older stroke patients likely receive less tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) compared to younger patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate extent of difference in utilization of t-PA and MT and outcomes of stroke between three age groups −18–45 (young adults), 46–80 (middle/old), and > 80 (oldest old) years. Methods: It is a retrospective cross-sectional observational study. Primary outcomes were rates of stroke intervention and effect of age on stroke intervention. Secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality, discharge to home, and prolonged length of stay. Multivariate survey-logistic regression was performed to evaluate outcomes. Results: Among 487,105 patients in the study 4.8% were young adults, 66.6% middle/old, and 28.6% oldest old. Compared to young adults, middle/old received 19% (OR = 0.81; 95%CI = 0.72–0.91) less t-PA alone; and 33% (OR = 0.67; 95%CI = 0.53–0.83) less MT alone; oldest old received 25% less t-PA alone (OR = 0.75; 95%CI = 0.66–0.86) and 51% (OR = 0.49; 95%CI = 0.38–0.63) less MT alone. Compared to young adults, in-hospital mortality was three-fold higher among middle/old (OR = 3.5; 95%CI = 1.3–9.6), and seven-fold higher among oldest old (OR = 7.5; 95%CI = 2.8–20.5) for t-PA alone; discharge to home reduced by 40% in middle/old (OR = 0.6; 95%CI = 0.4–0.7) and by 80% in oldest old (OR = 0.2; 95%CI = 0.1–0.2) for t-PA alone and similarly for MT alone. Conclusions: Oldest old receive one-fourth less t-PA and half less MT compared to young adults. Oldest old patients who received t-PA alone or MT alone had remarkably worse outcomes for in-hospital mortality and discharge to home than young adults did.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117262
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume420
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this