Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages: American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian

Magdalena Łuniewska, Zofia Wodniecka, Carol A. Miller, Filip Smolík, Morna Butcher, Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Edith Kouba Hreich, Camille Messarra, Rogayah A. Razak, Jeanine Treffers-Daller, Ngee Thai Yap, Layal Abboud, Ali Talebi, Maribel Gureghian, Laurice Tuller, Ewa Haman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and were highly reliable in each language. We applied the same method of data collection as used in a previous study on 25 languages which allowed us to create a database of fully comparable AoA ratings of 299 words in 32 languages. We found that in the seven languages not included in the previous study, the words are estimated to be acquired at roughly the same age as in the previously reported languages, i.e. mostly between the ages of 1 and 7 years. We also found that the order of word acquisition is moderately to highly correlated across all 32 languages, which extends our previous conclusion that early words are acquired in similar order across a wide range of languages and cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0220611
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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Łuniewska, Magdalena ; Wodniecka, Zofia ; Miller, Carol A. ; Smolík, Filip ; Butcher, Morna ; Chondrogianni, Vasiliki ; Hreich, Edith Kouba ; Messarra, Camille ; Razak, Rogayah A. ; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine ; Yap, Ngee Thai ; Abboud, Layal ; Talebi, Ali ; Gureghian, Maribel ; Tuller, Laurice ; Haman, Ewa. / Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages : American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian. In: PloS one. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 8.
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title = "Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages: American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian",
abstract = "We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and were highly reliable in each language. We applied the same method of data collection as used in a previous study on 25 languages which allowed us to create a database of fully comparable AoA ratings of 299 words in 32 languages. We found that in the seven languages not included in the previous study, the words are estimated to be acquired at roughly the same age as in the previously reported languages, i.e. mostly between the ages of 1 and 7 years. We also found that the order of word acquisition is moderately to highly correlated across all 32 languages, which extends our previous conclusion that early words are acquired in similar order across a wide range of languages and cultures.",
author = "Magdalena Łuniewska and Zofia Wodniecka and Miller, {Carol A.} and Filip Smol{\'i}k and Morna Butcher and Vasiliki Chondrogianni and Hreich, {Edith Kouba} and Camille Messarra and Razak, {Rogayah A.} and Jeanine Treffers-Daller and Yap, {Ngee Thai} and Layal Abboud and Ali Talebi and Maribel Gureghian and Laurice Tuller and Ewa Haman",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0220611",
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Łuniewska, M, Wodniecka, Z, Miller, CA, Smolík, F, Butcher, M, Chondrogianni, V, Hreich, EK, Messarra, C, Razak, RA, Treffers-Daller, J, Yap, NT, Abboud, L, Talebi, A, Gureghian, M, Tuller, L & Haman, E 2019, 'Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages: American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian', PloS one, vol. 14, no. 8, e0220611. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220611

Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages : American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian. / Łuniewska, Magdalena; Wodniecka, Zofia; Miller, Carol A.; Smolík, Filip; Butcher, Morna; Chondrogianni, Vasiliki; Hreich, Edith Kouba; Messarra, Camille; Razak, Rogayah A.; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine; Yap, Ngee Thai; Abboud, Layal; Talebi, Ali; Gureghian, Maribel; Tuller, Laurice; Haman, Ewa.

In: PloS one, Vol. 14, No. 8, e0220611, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age of acquisition of 299 words in seven languages

T2 - American English, Czech, Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malay, Persian and Western Armenian

AU - Łuniewska, Magdalena

AU - Wodniecka, Zofia

AU - Miller, Carol A.

AU - Smolík, Filip

AU - Butcher, Morna

AU - Chondrogianni, Vasiliki

AU - Hreich, Edith Kouba

AU - Messarra, Camille

AU - Razak, Rogayah A.

AU - Treffers-Daller, Jeanine

AU - Yap, Ngee Thai

AU - Abboud, Layal

AU - Talebi, Ali

AU - Gureghian, Maribel

AU - Tuller, Laurice

AU - Haman, Ewa

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and were highly reliable in each language. We applied the same method of data collection as used in a previous study on 25 languages which allowed us to create a database of fully comparable AoA ratings of 299 words in 32 languages. We found that in the seven languages not included in the previous study, the words are estimated to be acquired at roughly the same age as in the previously reported languages, i.e. mostly between the ages of 1 and 7 years. We also found that the order of word acquisition is moderately to highly correlated across all 32 languages, which extends our previous conclusion that early words are acquired in similar order across a wide range of languages and cultures.

AB - We present a new set of subjective Age of Acquisition (AoA) ratings for 299 words (158 nouns, 141 verbs) in seven languages from various language families and cultural settings: American English, Czech, Scottish Gaelic, Lebanese Arabic, Malaysian Malay, Persian, and Western Armenian. The ratings were collected from a total of 173 participants and were highly reliable in each language. We applied the same method of data collection as used in a previous study on 25 languages which allowed us to create a database of fully comparable AoA ratings of 299 words in 32 languages. We found that in the seven languages not included in the previous study, the words are estimated to be acquired at roughly the same age as in the previously reported languages, i.e. mostly between the ages of 1 and 7 years. We also found that the order of word acquisition is moderately to highly correlated across all 32 languages, which extends our previous conclusion that early words are acquired in similar order across a wide range of languages and cultures.

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