Age, sex, and race/ethnic temporal trends in metabolic syndrome prevalence among individuals with myocardial infarction or stroke in the United States

Alain Lekoubou, Bruce Ovbiagele, Daniela Markovic, Nerses Sanossian, Amytis Towfighi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. Methods We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥ 18 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2010 and who fasted for 8 h (n = 12,502). MetS was defined using the 2009 harmonized definition. MI and stroke were defined by self-reported diagnosis by a health care provider. Results MetS prevalence was 65.8% (2.2%) in MI survivors (n = 663) and 61.2% (3.8%) in stroke survivors (299). Women aged 35 to 64 years with prior MI were more likely to have MetS compared to similarly aged stroke survivors (unadjusted OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.38–7.10). MetS prevalence among MI/stroke survivors remained flat from 1999 to 2010 in all groups except non-Hispanic blacks with prior MI, in whom prevalence increased. From 1999 to 2010, dyslipidemia declined and abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia increased among individuals with prior MI. MetS components remained unchanged among those with prior stroke. Conclusion The persistent high prevalence of MetS among stroke and MI survivors highlights the need for more effective interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume376
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2017

Fingerprint

Stroke
Myocardial Infarction
Survivors
Abdominal Obesity
Nutrition Surveys
Dyslipidemias
Hyperglycemia
Health Personnel
Economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

@article{6aa4dd51a7e84838b5afd97f36d09b78,
title = "Age, sex, and race/ethnic temporal trends in metabolic syndrome prevalence among individuals with myocardial infarction or stroke in the United States",
abstract = "Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. Methods We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥ 18 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2010 and who fasted for 8 h (n = 12,502). MetS was defined using the 2009 harmonized definition. MI and stroke were defined by self-reported diagnosis by a health care provider. Results MetS prevalence was 65.8{\%} (2.2{\%}) in MI survivors (n = 663) and 61.2{\%} (3.8{\%}) in stroke survivors (299). Women aged 35 to 64 years with prior MI were more likely to have MetS compared to similarly aged stroke survivors (unadjusted OR 3.13, 95{\%} CI 1.38–7.10). MetS prevalence among MI/stroke survivors remained flat from 1999 to 2010 in all groups except non-Hispanic blacks with prior MI, in whom prevalence increased. From 1999 to 2010, dyslipidemia declined and abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia increased among individuals with prior MI. MetS components remained unchanged among those with prior stroke. Conclusion The persistent high prevalence of MetS among stroke and MI survivors highlights the need for more effective interventions.",
author = "Alain Lekoubou and Bruce Ovbiagele and Daniela Markovic and Nerses Sanossian and Amytis Towfighi",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jns.2017.01.073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "376",
pages = "24--28",
journal = "Journal of the Neurological Sciences",
issn = "0022-510X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Age, sex, and race/ethnic temporal trends in metabolic syndrome prevalence among individuals with myocardial infarction or stroke in the United States. / Lekoubou, Alain; Ovbiagele, Bruce; Markovic, Daniela; Sanossian, Nerses; Towfighi, Amytis.

In: Journal of the neurological sciences, Vol. 376, 15.05.2017, p. 24-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age, sex, and race/ethnic temporal trends in metabolic syndrome prevalence among individuals with myocardial infarction or stroke in the United States

AU - Lekoubou, Alain

AU - Ovbiagele, Bruce

AU - Markovic, Daniela

AU - Sanossian, Nerses

AU - Towfighi, Amytis

PY - 2017/5/15

Y1 - 2017/5/15

N2 - Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. Methods We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥ 18 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2010 and who fasted for 8 h (n = 12,502). MetS was defined using the 2009 harmonized definition. MI and stroke were defined by self-reported diagnosis by a health care provider. Results MetS prevalence was 65.8% (2.2%) in MI survivors (n = 663) and 61.2% (3.8%) in stroke survivors (299). Women aged 35 to 64 years with prior MI were more likely to have MetS compared to similarly aged stroke survivors (unadjusted OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.38–7.10). MetS prevalence among MI/stroke survivors remained flat from 1999 to 2010 in all groups except non-Hispanic blacks with prior MI, in whom prevalence increased. From 1999 to 2010, dyslipidemia declined and abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia increased among individuals with prior MI. MetS components remained unchanged among those with prior stroke. Conclusion The persistent high prevalence of MetS among stroke and MI survivors highlights the need for more effective interventions.

AB - Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. Methods We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥ 18 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2010 and who fasted for 8 h (n = 12,502). MetS was defined using the 2009 harmonized definition. MI and stroke were defined by self-reported diagnosis by a health care provider. Results MetS prevalence was 65.8% (2.2%) in MI survivors (n = 663) and 61.2% (3.8%) in stroke survivors (299). Women aged 35 to 64 years with prior MI were more likely to have MetS compared to similarly aged stroke survivors (unadjusted OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.38–7.10). MetS prevalence among MI/stroke survivors remained flat from 1999 to 2010 in all groups except non-Hispanic blacks with prior MI, in whom prevalence increased. From 1999 to 2010, dyslipidemia declined and abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia increased among individuals with prior MI. MetS components remained unchanged among those with prior stroke. Conclusion The persistent high prevalence of MetS among stroke and MI survivors highlights the need for more effective interventions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014297377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85014297377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jns.2017.01.073

DO - 10.1016/j.jns.2017.01.073

M3 - Article

C2 - 28431619

AN - SCOPUS:85014297377

VL - 376

SP - 24

EP - 28

JO - Journal of the Neurological Sciences

JF - Journal of the Neurological Sciences

SN - 0022-510X

ER -