Agents of Change: Mixed-Race Households and the Dynamics of Neighborhood Segregation in the United States

Mark Ellis, Steven R. Holloway, Richard Wright, Christopher Stiles Fowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article explores the effects of mixed-race household formation on trends in neighborhood-scale racial segregation. Census data show that these effects are nontrivial in relation to the magnitude of decadal changes in residential segregation. An agent-based model illustrates the potential long-run impacts of rising numbers of mixed-race households on measures of neighborhood-scale segregation. It reveals that high rates of mixed-race household formation will reduce residential segregation considerably. This occurs even when preferences for own-group neighbors are high enough to maintain racial separation in residential space in a Schelling-type model. We uncover a disturbing trend, however; levels of neighborhood-scale segregation of single-race households can remain persistently high even while a growing number of mixed-race households drives down the overall rate of residential segregation. Thus, the article's main conclusion is that parsing neighborhood segregation levels by household type-single versus mixed race-is essential to interpret correctly trends in the spatial separation of racial groups, especially when the fraction of households that are mixed race is dynamic. More broadly, the article illustrates the importance of household-scale processes for urban outcomes and joins debates in geography about interscalar relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-570
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

Fingerprint

segregation
trend
racial segregation
household
census
Group
geography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

@article{d2563c2475424d949b8fa31894e24017,
title = "Agents of Change: Mixed-Race Households and the Dynamics of Neighborhood Segregation in the United States",
abstract = "This article explores the effects of mixed-race household formation on trends in neighborhood-scale racial segregation. Census data show that these effects are nontrivial in relation to the magnitude of decadal changes in residential segregation. An agent-based model illustrates the potential long-run impacts of rising numbers of mixed-race households on measures of neighborhood-scale segregation. It reveals that high rates of mixed-race household formation will reduce residential segregation considerably. This occurs even when preferences for own-group neighbors are high enough to maintain racial separation in residential space in a Schelling-type model. We uncover a disturbing trend, however; levels of neighborhood-scale segregation of single-race households can remain persistently high even while a growing number of mixed-race households drives down the overall rate of residential segregation. Thus, the article's main conclusion is that parsing neighborhood segregation levels by household type-single versus mixed race-is essential to interpret correctly trends in the spatial separation of racial groups, especially when the fraction of households that are mixed race is dynamic. More broadly, the article illustrates the importance of household-scale processes for urban outcomes and joins debates in geography about interscalar relationships.",
author = "Mark Ellis and Holloway, {Steven R.} and Richard Wright and Fowler, {Christopher Stiles}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/00045608.2011.627057",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "102",
pages = "549--570",
journal = "Annals of the American Association of Geographers",
issn = "2469-4452",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

Agents of Change : Mixed-Race Households and the Dynamics of Neighborhood Segregation in the United States. / Ellis, Mark; Holloway, Steven R.; Wright, Richard; Fowler, Christopher Stiles.

In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 102, No. 3, 01.05.2012, p. 549-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agents of Change

T2 - Mixed-Race Households and the Dynamics of Neighborhood Segregation in the United States

AU - Ellis, Mark

AU - Holloway, Steven R.

AU - Wright, Richard

AU - Fowler, Christopher Stiles

PY - 2012/5/1

Y1 - 2012/5/1

N2 - This article explores the effects of mixed-race household formation on trends in neighborhood-scale racial segregation. Census data show that these effects are nontrivial in relation to the magnitude of decadal changes in residential segregation. An agent-based model illustrates the potential long-run impacts of rising numbers of mixed-race households on measures of neighborhood-scale segregation. It reveals that high rates of mixed-race household formation will reduce residential segregation considerably. This occurs even when preferences for own-group neighbors are high enough to maintain racial separation in residential space in a Schelling-type model. We uncover a disturbing trend, however; levels of neighborhood-scale segregation of single-race households can remain persistently high even while a growing number of mixed-race households drives down the overall rate of residential segregation. Thus, the article's main conclusion is that parsing neighborhood segregation levels by household type-single versus mixed race-is essential to interpret correctly trends in the spatial separation of racial groups, especially when the fraction of households that are mixed race is dynamic. More broadly, the article illustrates the importance of household-scale processes for urban outcomes and joins debates in geography about interscalar relationships.

AB - This article explores the effects of mixed-race household formation on trends in neighborhood-scale racial segregation. Census data show that these effects are nontrivial in relation to the magnitude of decadal changes in residential segregation. An agent-based model illustrates the potential long-run impacts of rising numbers of mixed-race households on measures of neighborhood-scale segregation. It reveals that high rates of mixed-race household formation will reduce residential segregation considerably. This occurs even when preferences for own-group neighbors are high enough to maintain racial separation in residential space in a Schelling-type model. We uncover a disturbing trend, however; levels of neighborhood-scale segregation of single-race households can remain persistently high even while a growing number of mixed-race households drives down the overall rate of residential segregation. Thus, the article's main conclusion is that parsing neighborhood segregation levels by household type-single versus mixed race-is essential to interpret correctly trends in the spatial separation of racial groups, especially when the fraction of households that are mixed race is dynamic. More broadly, the article illustrates the importance of household-scale processes for urban outcomes and joins debates in geography about interscalar relationships.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860149261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860149261&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00045608.2011.627057

DO - 10.1080/00045608.2011.627057

M3 - Article

C2 - 25082984

AN - SCOPUS:84860149261

VL - 102

SP - 549

EP - 570

JO - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

JF - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

SN - 2469-4452

IS - 3

ER -