Agricultural biodiversity as a link between traditional food systems and contemporary development, social integrity and ecological health

Timothy Johns, Bronwen Powell, Patrick Maundu, Pablo B. Eyzaguirre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traditional food systems offer a key link between the social and economic resilience of smallholder farmers and pastoralists and the sustainable food and nutrition security of global populations. This paper addresses issues related to socio-cultural diversity and the continuing complex engagement of traditional and modern communities with the plants and animals that sustain them. In light of some of the unhealthful consequences of the 'nutrition transition' to globalized modern diets, the authors define and propose a process for a more successful food system transition that balances agro-biodiversity and processed commodities to support diet diversity, health and social equity alongside sustainable economic growth. We review empirical research in support of practice and policy changes in agriculture, economic development and health domains as well as cross-sectoral and community-based innovation. High-value food crops within domestic and global value chains can be an entry point for smallholders' participation as contributors and beneficiaries of development, while sustainable small farms, as purveyors of environmental and public health services, diversify global options for long-term adaptation in the face of environmental uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3433-3442
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the science of food and agriculture
Volume93
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

traditional foods
Biodiversity
economic development
Economic Development
biodiversity
nutrition
multicultural diversity
Food
research support
small farms
Health
food crops
supply chain
sustainable development
products and commodities
diet
health services
Diet
Cultural Diversity
public health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{393c81dd3a9f47bbac59bea5fdfbfffb,
title = "Agricultural biodiversity as a link between traditional food systems and contemporary development, social integrity and ecological health",
abstract = "Traditional food systems offer a key link between the social and economic resilience of smallholder farmers and pastoralists and the sustainable food and nutrition security of global populations. This paper addresses issues related to socio-cultural diversity and the continuing complex engagement of traditional and modern communities with the plants and animals that sustain them. In light of some of the unhealthful consequences of the 'nutrition transition' to globalized modern diets, the authors define and propose a process for a more successful food system transition that balances agro-biodiversity and processed commodities to support diet diversity, health and social equity alongside sustainable economic growth. We review empirical research in support of practice and policy changes in agriculture, economic development and health domains as well as cross-sectoral and community-based innovation. High-value food crops within domestic and global value chains can be an entry point for smallholders' participation as contributors and beneficiaries of development, while sustainable small farms, as purveyors of environmental and public health services, diversify global options for long-term adaptation in the face of environmental uncertainty.",
author = "Timothy Johns and Bronwen Powell and Patrick Maundu and Eyzaguirre, {Pablo B.}",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jsfa.6351",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "93",
pages = "3433--3442",
journal = "Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture",
issn = "0022-5142",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "14",

}

Agricultural biodiversity as a link between traditional food systems and contemporary development, social integrity and ecological health. / Johns, Timothy; Powell, Bronwen; Maundu, Patrick; Eyzaguirre, Pablo B.

In: Journal of the science of food and agriculture, Vol. 93, No. 14, 01.11.2013, p. 3433-3442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agricultural biodiversity as a link between traditional food systems and contemporary development, social integrity and ecological health

AU - Johns, Timothy

AU - Powell, Bronwen

AU - Maundu, Patrick

AU - Eyzaguirre, Pablo B.

PY - 2013/11/1

Y1 - 2013/11/1

N2 - Traditional food systems offer a key link between the social and economic resilience of smallholder farmers and pastoralists and the sustainable food and nutrition security of global populations. This paper addresses issues related to socio-cultural diversity and the continuing complex engagement of traditional and modern communities with the plants and animals that sustain them. In light of some of the unhealthful consequences of the 'nutrition transition' to globalized modern diets, the authors define and propose a process for a more successful food system transition that balances agro-biodiversity and processed commodities to support diet diversity, health and social equity alongside sustainable economic growth. We review empirical research in support of practice and policy changes in agriculture, economic development and health domains as well as cross-sectoral and community-based innovation. High-value food crops within domestic and global value chains can be an entry point for smallholders' participation as contributors and beneficiaries of development, while sustainable small farms, as purveyors of environmental and public health services, diversify global options for long-term adaptation in the face of environmental uncertainty.

AB - Traditional food systems offer a key link between the social and economic resilience of smallholder farmers and pastoralists and the sustainable food and nutrition security of global populations. This paper addresses issues related to socio-cultural diversity and the continuing complex engagement of traditional and modern communities with the plants and animals that sustain them. In light of some of the unhealthful consequences of the 'nutrition transition' to globalized modern diets, the authors define and propose a process for a more successful food system transition that balances agro-biodiversity and processed commodities to support diet diversity, health and social equity alongside sustainable economic growth. We review empirical research in support of practice and policy changes in agriculture, economic development and health domains as well as cross-sectoral and community-based innovation. High-value food crops within domestic and global value chains can be an entry point for smallholders' participation as contributors and beneficiaries of development, while sustainable small farms, as purveyors of environmental and public health services, diversify global options for long-term adaptation in the face of environmental uncertainty.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885870006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885870006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jsfa.6351

DO - 10.1002/jsfa.6351

M3 - Article

C2 - 23963831

AN - SCOPUS:84885870006

VL - 93

SP - 3433

EP - 3442

JO - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

JF - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

SN - 0022-5142

IS - 14

ER -