Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS

W. H. Brune, I. C. Faloona, D. Tan, A. J. Weinheimer, T. Campos, B. A. Ridley, S. A. Vay, J. E. Collins, G. W. Sachse, L. Jaeglé, D. J. Jacob

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Abstract

The hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals were measured for the first time throughout the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere with a new instrument aboard the NASA DC-8 aircraft during the 1996 SUCCESS mission. Typically midday OH was 0.1-0.5 pptv and HO2 was 3-15 pptv. Comparisons with a steady-state model yield the following conclusions. First, even in the lower stratosphere OH was sensitive to the albedo of low clouds and distant high clouds. Second, although sometimes in agreement with models, observed OH and HO2 were more than 4 times larger at other times. Evidence suggests that for the California upper troposphere on 10 May this discrepancy was due to unmeasured HOx sources from Asia. Third, observed HO2/OH had the expected inverse dependence with NO, but was inexplicably higher than modeled HO2/OH by an average of 30%. Finally, small-scale, midday OH and HO2 features were strongly linked to NO variations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1701-1704
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume25
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 1998

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stratosphere
troposphere
DC 8 aircraft
albedo
aircraft
in situ
comparison
Asia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Brune, W. H., Faloona, I. C., Tan, D., Weinheimer, A. J., Campos, T., Ridley, B. A., ... Jacob, D. J. (1998). Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(10), 1701-1704. https://doi.org/10.1029/97GL03098
Brune, W. H. ; Faloona, I. C. ; Tan, D. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Campos, T. ; Ridley, B. A. ; Vay, S. A. ; Collins, J. E. ; Sachse, G. W. ; Jaeglé, L. ; Jacob, D. J. / Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 1998 ; Vol. 25, No. 10. pp. 1701-1704.
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Brune, WH, Faloona, IC, Tan, D, Weinheimer, AJ, Campos, T, Ridley, BA, Vay, SA, Collins, JE, Sachse, GW, Jaeglé, L & Jacob, DJ 1998, 'Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS', Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1701-1704. https://doi.org/10.1029/97GL03098

Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS. / Brune, W. H.; Faloona, I. C.; Tan, D.; Weinheimer, A. J.; Campos, T.; Ridley, B. A.; Vay, S. A.; Collins, J. E.; Sachse, G. W.; Jaeglé, L.; Jacob, D. J.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, No. 10, 15.05.1998, p. 1701-1704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Airborne in-situ OH and HO2 observations in the cloud-free troposphere and lower stratosphere during SUCCESS

AU - Brune, W. H.

AU - Faloona, I. C.

AU - Tan, D.

AU - Weinheimer, A. J.

AU - Campos, T.

AU - Ridley, B. A.

AU - Vay, S. A.

AU - Collins, J. E.

AU - Sachse, G. W.

AU - Jaeglé, L.

AU - Jacob, D. J.

PY - 1998/5/15

Y1 - 1998/5/15

N2 - The hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals were measured for the first time throughout the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere with a new instrument aboard the NASA DC-8 aircraft during the 1996 SUCCESS mission. Typically midday OH was 0.1-0.5 pptv and HO2 was 3-15 pptv. Comparisons with a steady-state model yield the following conclusions. First, even in the lower stratosphere OH was sensitive to the albedo of low clouds and distant high clouds. Second, although sometimes in agreement with models, observed OH and HO2 were more than 4 times larger at other times. Evidence suggests that for the California upper troposphere on 10 May this discrepancy was due to unmeasured HOx sources from Asia. Third, observed HO2/OH had the expected inverse dependence with NO, but was inexplicably higher than modeled HO2/OH by an average of 30%. Finally, small-scale, midday OH and HO2 features were strongly linked to NO variations.

AB - The hydroxyl (OH) and hydroperoxyl (HO2) radicals were measured for the first time throughout the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere with a new instrument aboard the NASA DC-8 aircraft during the 1996 SUCCESS mission. Typically midday OH was 0.1-0.5 pptv and HO2 was 3-15 pptv. Comparisons with a steady-state model yield the following conclusions. First, even in the lower stratosphere OH was sensitive to the albedo of low clouds and distant high clouds. Second, although sometimes in agreement with models, observed OH and HO2 were more than 4 times larger at other times. Evidence suggests that for the California upper troposphere on 10 May this discrepancy was due to unmeasured HOx sources from Asia. Third, observed HO2/OH had the expected inverse dependence with NO, but was inexplicably higher than modeled HO2/OH by an average of 30%. Finally, small-scale, midday OH and HO2 features were strongly linked to NO variations.

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