Aircraft and satellite remote sensing of desert soils and landscapes

G. W. Petersen, K. F. Connors, Douglas Alan Miller, Rick Lane Day, T. W. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The remote sensing of desert soils and landscapes using Thematic Mapper (TM), Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM), Simulated SPOT, and Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner (TIMS) data is discussed. These studies were all conducted in arid or semiarid study sites. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data for southwestern Nevada discriminated among alluvial fan deposits with different degrees of desert pavement and varnish as well as different vegetation cover. Thermal-infrared data acquired from the Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM) satellite were used to map the spatial distribution of diurnal surface temperatures and to estimate mean annual soil temperatures in semiarid east central Utah using diurnal data for five dates throughout a year. Simulated SPOT data for northwestern New Mexico identified geomorphic features, such as differences in eolian sand cover and fluvial incision, which are correlated with surface age and geomorphic stability of landscape components. The Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner (TIMS), which is an aircraft scanner that provides six-channel spectral capability in the thermal region of the electromagnetic spectrum, was used to depict surface geologic features of the Saline Valley in southeastern California. These research projects are presented as a summary of some of the sensors and analytical techniques that are useful in the study of desert soils and landscapes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-271
Number of pages19
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

Fingerprint

desert soils
desert soil
aircraft
remote sensing
Remote sensing
Aircraft
Satellites
Multispectral scanners
Soils
heat
Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner
scanners
Infrared radiation
Specific heat
heat capacity
SPOT
Varnish
Pavements
Spatial distribution
satellite mission

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

Cite this

Petersen, G. W. ; Connors, K. F. ; Miller, Douglas Alan ; Day, Rick Lane ; Gardner, T. W. / Aircraft and satellite remote sensing of desert soils and landscapes. In: Remote Sensing of Environment. 1987 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 253-271.
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Aircraft and satellite remote sensing of desert soils and landscapes. / Petersen, G. W.; Connors, K. F.; Miller, Douglas Alan; Day, Rick Lane; Gardner, T. W.

In: Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 23, No. 2, 01.01.1987, p. 253-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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