Alate aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species composition and richness in Northeastern USA snap beans and an update to historical lists

Amanda C. Bachmann, Brian A. Nault, Shelby Jay Fleischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent aphid-vectored viruses in the northeastern U.S. led to extensive surveys of aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species composition. We report the species composition and richness of alate aphids associated with processing snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Fabales: Fabaceae) agroecosystems from field surveys conducted during 5 yr in New York and 3 yr in Pennsylvania. Rates of species accumulation were similar between the 2 states, and asymptotic, suggesting reasonably adequate sampling intensity. Our results suggest that about 95 to 100 aphid species are present as alates within these agroecosystems, a surprisingly high percentage (∼14 to 18%) of the total aphid richness. Host records suggest that 61% of the alate aphid species we collected from pan traps placed within snap bean fields were dispersing through this agroecosystem, originating from woody plants in the surrounding landscape. We compiled this information with a recent study of aphid species composition from peach orchards and an exhaustive inspection of museum samples, and present an updated list of the aphid species in Pennsylvania.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)979-994
Number of pages16
JournalFlorida Entomologist
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

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green beans
Aphididae
Hemiptera
species diversity
agricultural ecosystem
agroecosystems
Fabales
woody plant
aphid
woody plants
orchard
peaches
museum
field survey
Phaseolus vulgaris
Fabaceae
Aphidoidea
virus
orchards
traps

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

Cite this

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title = "Alate aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species composition and richness in Northeastern USA snap beans and an update to historical lists",
abstract = "Recent aphid-vectored viruses in the northeastern U.S. led to extensive surveys of aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species composition. We report the species composition and richness of alate aphids associated with processing snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.; Fabales: Fabaceae) agroecosystems from field surveys conducted during 5 yr in New York and 3 yr in Pennsylvania. Rates of species accumulation were similar between the 2 states, and asymptotic, suggesting reasonably adequate sampling intensity. Our results suggest that about 95 to 100 aphid species are present as alates within these agroecosystems, a surprisingly high percentage (∼14 to 18{\%}) of the total aphid richness. Host records suggest that 61{\%} of the alate aphid species we collected from pan traps placed within snap bean fields were dispersing through this agroecosystem, originating from woody plants in the surrounding landscape. We compiled this information with a recent study of aphid species composition from peach orchards and an exhaustive inspection of museum samples, and present an updated list of the aphid species in Pennsylvania.",
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Alate aphid (Hemiptera : Aphididae) species composition and richness in Northeastern USA snap beans and an update to historical lists. / Bachmann, Amanda C.; Nault, Brian A.; Fleischer, Shelby Jay.

In: Florida Entomologist, Vol. 97, No. 3, 01.09.2014, p. 979-994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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