We present the design, fabrication, and characterization of AlGaN-GaN double-channel HEMTs. Two carrier channels are formed in an AlGaN-GaN-AlGaN-GaN multilayer structure grown on a sapphire substrate. Polarization field in the lower AlGaN layer fosters formation of a second carrier channel at the lower AlGaN-GaN interface, without creating any parasitic conduction path in the AlGaN barrier layer. Unambiguous double-channel behaviors are observed at both dc and RF. Bias dependent RF small-signal characterization and parameter extraction were performed. Gain compression at a high current level was attributed to electron velocity degradation induced by interface scattering. Dynamic IV measurement was carried out to analyze large-signal behaviors of the double-channel high-electron mobility transistors. It was found that current collapse mainly occurs in the channel closer to device surface, while the lower channel suffers minimal current collapse, suggesting that trapping/detrapping of surface states is mainly responsible for current collapse. This argument is supported by RF large-signal measurement results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering