This article explores the problem of aligning business and technical goals in collaborative R&D projects. We examine two projects involving industry and university organizations with missions to develop intelligent systems technology. One is considered successful, the other problematic. A comparison of the two projects found that the competencies of the participants are critical if these collaborations are to progress to commercialization. More specifically, the business goals of the industry partner will strongly influence whether they cooperate fully with the university partner on technical goals. A framework to integrate business and technical goals is presented.
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