Alkali-silica reaction: Current understanding of the reaction mechanisms and the knowledge gaps

Farshad Rajabipour, Eric Giannini, Cyrille Dunant, Jason H. Ideker, Michael D.A. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a major concrete durability problem, resulting in significant maintenance and reconstruction costs to concrete infrastructures all over the world. Despite decades of study, the underlying chemical and physical reaction mechanisms remain poorly understood, especially at molecular to micro-scale levels, and this has resulted in the inability to efficiently assess the risk, predict the service life, and mitigate deterioration in ASR-susceptible structures. This paper intends to summarize the current state of understanding and the existing knowledge gaps with respect to reaction mechanisms and the roles of aggregate properties (e.g., composition, mineralogy, size, and surface characteristics), pore solution composition (e.g., pH, alkalis, calcium, aluminum), and exposure conditions (e.g., temperature, humidity) on the rate and magnitude of ASR. In addition, the current state of computer modeling as an alternative or supplement to physical testing for prediction of ASR performance is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-146
Number of pages17
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2015

Fingerprint

Alkalies
Silicon Dioxide
Silica
Concretes
Reconstruction (structural)
Mineralogy
Chemical analysis
Service life
Deterioration
Calcium
Atmospheric humidity
Durability
Aluminum
Testing
Costs
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Rajabipour, Farshad ; Giannini, Eric ; Dunant, Cyrille ; Ideker, Jason H. ; Thomas, Michael D.A. / Alkali-silica reaction : Current understanding of the reaction mechanisms and the knowledge gaps. In: Cement and Concrete Research. 2015 ; Vol. 76. pp. 130-146.
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Alkali-silica reaction : Current understanding of the reaction mechanisms and the knowledge gaps. / Rajabipour, Farshad; Giannini, Eric; Dunant, Cyrille; Ideker, Jason H.; Thomas, Michael D.A.

In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 76, 09.07.2015, p. 130-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alkali-silica reaction

T2 - Current understanding of the reaction mechanisms and the knowledge gaps

AU - Rajabipour, Farshad

AU - Giannini, Eric

AU - Dunant, Cyrille

AU - Ideker, Jason H.

AU - Thomas, Michael D.A.

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AB - Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a major concrete durability problem, resulting in significant maintenance and reconstruction costs to concrete infrastructures all over the world. Despite decades of study, the underlying chemical and physical reaction mechanisms remain poorly understood, especially at molecular to micro-scale levels, and this has resulted in the inability to efficiently assess the risk, predict the service life, and mitigate deterioration in ASR-susceptible structures. This paper intends to summarize the current state of understanding and the existing knowledge gaps with respect to reaction mechanisms and the roles of aggregate properties (e.g., composition, mineralogy, size, and surface characteristics), pore solution composition (e.g., pH, alkalis, calcium, aluminum), and exposure conditions (e.g., temperature, humidity) on the rate and magnitude of ASR. In addition, the current state of computer modeling as an alternative or supplement to physical testing for prediction of ASR performance is discussed.

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