Two epitopes have been identified recently to be responsible for the high-affinity binding of alkane-bisammonium and caracurine V type allosteric ligands to N-methylscopolamine (NMS)-occupied M2 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, relative to M5 receptors: the amino acid M2-Thr423 at the top of transmembrane region (TM) 7 and an epitope comprising the second extracellular loop (o2) of the M2 receptor including the flanking regions of TM4 and TM5. We aimed to find out whether a single amino acid could account for the contribution of this epitope to binding affinity. Allosteric interactions were investigated in wildtype and mutant receptors in which the orthosteric binding site was occupied by [3H]NMS (5 mM Na,K, Pi buffer, pH 7.4, 23°C). Using M2/M5 chimeric and point-mutated receptors, the relevant epitope was narrowed down to M2-Tyr177. A double point-mutated M2 receptor in which both M2-Tyr177 and M2-Thr423 were replaced by the corresponding amino acids of M5 revealed that these two amino acids account entirely for the (approximately 100-fold) M2/M5 selectivity of the alkane-bisammonium and the caracurine V type allosteric ligands. At NMS-free M2 receptors, the caracurine V derivative also displayed approximately 100-fold M2/M5 selectivity, but the double point mutation reduced the M2 affinity by only ∼10-fold; thus, additional epitopes may influence selectivity for the free receptors. A three-dimensional model of the M2 receptor was used to simulate allosteric agent docking to NMS-occupied receptors. M2-Tyr177 and M2-Thr423 seem to be located near the junction of the allosteric and the orthosteric areas of the M2 receptor ligand binding cavity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine