Alpha-1 couples: Interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of spousal communication and stress

Rachel A. Smith, Sara Wienke, Donna L. Coffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Couples often discuss genetic test results, and then manage their implications together. This interdependence can lead to common, shared experiences, similar intrapersonal processes to manage shared stressors, or interpersonal influences between spouses, leading to different outcomes. This study sought to reveal the intracouple, intrapersonal, and interpersonal influences of genetic stigma and negative feelings on spousal communication and perceived stress with 50 couples in which one spouse is a member of a genetic disease registry. The results were analyzed with dyadic analysis, including multilevel modeling. The findings showed that registered members and their spouses were not statistically different in their mean levels of perceived genetic stigma, negative feelings about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), conversations with each other about the AATD test results, and their perceived stress. The findings also showed that their intracouple consistencies were not high, and their intrapersonal and interpersonal influences on communication and stress differed. The social implications of genetic research at the interpersonal level are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-220
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Genetic Counseling
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Spouses
alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency
Communication
Emotions
Multilevel Analysis
Genetic Research
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Registries
Autosomal Recessive alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

@article{8f8508393ff54f9694a2fd41ee8670a3,
title = "Alpha-1 couples: Interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of spousal communication and stress",
abstract = "Couples often discuss genetic test results, and then manage their implications together. This interdependence can lead to common, shared experiences, similar intrapersonal processes to manage shared stressors, or interpersonal influences between spouses, leading to different outcomes. This study sought to reveal the intracouple, intrapersonal, and interpersonal influences of genetic stigma and negative feelings on spousal communication and perceived stress with 50 couples in which one spouse is a member of a genetic disease registry. The results were analyzed with dyadic analysis, including multilevel modeling. The findings showed that registered members and their spouses were not statistically different in their mean levels of perceived genetic stigma, negative feelings about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), conversations with each other about the AATD test results, and their perceived stress. The findings also showed that their intracouple consistencies were not high, and their intrapersonal and interpersonal influences on communication and stress differed. The social implications of genetic research at the interpersonal level are discussed.",
author = "Smith, {Rachel A.} and Sara Wienke and Coffman, {Donna L.}",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s10897-013-9639-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "212--220",
journal = "Journal of Genetic Counseling",
issn = "1059-7700",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Alpha-1 couples : Interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of spousal communication and stress. / Smith, Rachel A.; Wienke, Sara; Coffman, Donna L.

In: Journal of Genetic Counseling, Vol. 23, No. 2, 04.2014, p. 212-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alpha-1 couples

T2 - Interpersonal and intrapersonal predictors of spousal communication and stress

AU - Smith, Rachel A.

AU - Wienke, Sara

AU - Coffman, Donna L.

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Couples often discuss genetic test results, and then manage their implications together. This interdependence can lead to common, shared experiences, similar intrapersonal processes to manage shared stressors, or interpersonal influences between spouses, leading to different outcomes. This study sought to reveal the intracouple, intrapersonal, and interpersonal influences of genetic stigma and negative feelings on spousal communication and perceived stress with 50 couples in which one spouse is a member of a genetic disease registry. The results were analyzed with dyadic analysis, including multilevel modeling. The findings showed that registered members and their spouses were not statistically different in their mean levels of perceived genetic stigma, negative feelings about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), conversations with each other about the AATD test results, and their perceived stress. The findings also showed that their intracouple consistencies were not high, and their intrapersonal and interpersonal influences on communication and stress differed. The social implications of genetic research at the interpersonal level are discussed.

AB - Couples often discuss genetic test results, and then manage their implications together. This interdependence can lead to common, shared experiences, similar intrapersonal processes to manage shared stressors, or interpersonal influences between spouses, leading to different outcomes. This study sought to reveal the intracouple, intrapersonal, and interpersonal influences of genetic stigma and negative feelings on spousal communication and perceived stress with 50 couples in which one spouse is a member of a genetic disease registry. The results were analyzed with dyadic analysis, including multilevel modeling. The findings showed that registered members and their spouses were not statistically different in their mean levels of perceived genetic stigma, negative feelings about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), conversations with each other about the AATD test results, and their perceived stress. The findings also showed that their intracouple consistencies were not high, and their intrapersonal and interpersonal influences on communication and stress differed. The social implications of genetic research at the interpersonal level are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897116627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897116627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10897-013-9639-6

DO - 10.1007/s10897-013-9639-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 23934327

AN - SCOPUS:84897116627

VL - 23

SP - 212

EP - 220

JO - Journal of Genetic Counseling

JF - Journal of Genetic Counseling

SN - 1059-7700

IS - 2

ER -