Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA or alteplase) is the only approved medical intervention for treatment of acute ischemic stroke within the first hours of symptom onset. In this article, we review the preliminary studies of rt-PA in acute ischemic stroke that led to US FDA approval of its use within 3 h of symptom onset. The studies on rt-PA for use beyond 3 h of symptom onset and future reperfusion therapies are discussed. Overviews of the clinical presentation and treatment of acute ischemic stroke and stroke systems of care are described.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Pharmacology (medical)